1955 3¢ Fort Ticonderoga
Issue Date: September 18, 1955
City: Fort Ticonderoga, New York
Printed by: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Rotary Press
Perforations: 11 x 10 ½
Color: Light brown
U.S. #1071 was issued to honor the 200th anniversary of Fort Ticonderoga, which some historians have called “The Key to a Continent.” The fort earned this name due to its strategic location on Lake Champlain in New York; it controlled the water route from Lake Champlain to Lake George. In Colonial days, almost everything had to move by water. So this route was essential for any invasion force coming into the colonies from Canada.
Fort Ticonderoga – Revolutionary War Stronghold
The French built the fort in 1755, but lost it to the British during the French and Indian War. When the American Revolution began, a group of Vermont soldiers known as the Green Mountain Boys prepared to take the stronghold. This force was led by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold. On May 10, 1775, the Green Mountain Boys staged a sneak attack, capturing Fort Ticonderoga without loss of life. The British recaptured the fort in 1777, but abandoned it in 1780.
After the war, the fort was dismantled; its stone was used locally for building. It was rebuilt in 1908, and a museum was opened there.