4¢ U.S. Japan Treaty
Issue Date: September 28, 1960
City: Washington, D.C.
Printed by: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Giori Press
Color: Blue and pink
U.S. #1158 commemorates the 100th anniversary of the first treaty promoting mutual understanding and goodwill between the U.S. and Japan. The stamp pictures the Washington Monument and Japanese cherry blossoms.
U.S. Japan Treaty
In 1854, the Convention of Kanagawa gave coaling rights to U.S. ships in Japan and created a U.S. consul in Shimoda. However, the treaty didn’t allow for trading rights, Townsend Harris spent two years convincing the Japanese to open trade with the U.S. When it became apparent that the British were planning to ask for the same privileges, the Japanese agreed to allow trade with the U.E.
The Treaty of Amity and Commerce was signed in Shimoda on July 29, 1858, opening the ports of Edo, Kobe, Nagasaki, Niigata, and Yokohama to American trade. The treaty also granted U.S. citizens the right to live and trade in those ports. It was officially ratified during the visit of the first Japanese Embassy to the U.S. in 1860.