1962 4¢ Brien McMahon
Issue Date: July 28, 1962
City: Norwalk, Connecticut
Printed By: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Rotary Press
Perforations: 11 x 10 ½
U.S.#1200 features Connecticut Senator Brien McMahon (1903-52), who was best known for his support of the peaceful uses of atomic energy. The stamp was issued on the 10-year anniversary of McMahon’s death.
McMahon was born in Norwalk, Fairfield County, Connecticut. After graduating from Yale law school he practiced law, and then became a city judge in 1933. McMahon resigned to become a special assistant to the Attorney General of the United States from 1933-35. From 1935-39, he served as Assistant Attorney General of the U.S., in charge of the Department of Justice Criminal Division.
In 1944, McMahon was elected to the U.S. Senate. He was re-elected in 1950, and served until his death on July 28, 1952. McMahon served as chairman of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy. He also authored the McMahon Act for the control of atomic energy, which resulted in the establishment of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) in 1946. The AEC directed the development and use of atomic energy for both military and civilian purposes.
In 1952, McMahon proposed the creation of an “army” of young Americans to serve as “missionaries of democracy.” The proposal served as one of the inspirations for the Peace Corps, established in 1961.