1962 4¢ Dag Hammarskjold
Issue Date: November 16, 1962
City: Washington, D.C.
Printed By: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Giori Press
Color: Black, brown and yellow
U.S. #1204 was a “Special Issue,” ordered by Postmaster General J. Edward Day in response to an error on U.S. #1203. After a color invert on the yellow background was found on the 1962 Dag Hammarskjold stamp, Day ordered a reprinting of the stamp – with the error. A printing of 40 million stamps was made so that the error would not be regarded as a valuable rarity. The special printing was called “Day’s Folly.”
Dag Hammarskjöld Invert Controversy
On October 23, 1962, the US Post Office Department unknowingly issued an unknown number of inverted Dag Hammarskjöld error stamps. The fallout from this issue became known as Day’s Folly (after Postmaster General J. Edward Day).
Dag Hammarskjöld was the second secretary-general of the United Nations, serving from April 1953 until his death in a plane crash in September 1961. President John F. Kennedy called him “the greatest statesman of our century.” To honor Hammarskjöld’s life and works, the US Post Office decided to issue a stamp in his honor the year after his death.
The stamp, US #1203, was issued on October 23, 1962. However, shortly after its issue, Leonard Sherman, a New Jersey jeweler, discovered a sheet of the stamps with an error. His stamps had the yellow background inverted, creating a white “shadow” next to the United Nations building.
Upon hearing of the error, Postmaster General Day decided that they should produce a special printing of the stamp with the yellow intentionally inverted, to prevent individuals from profiting off the postal service’s mistake. As Day explained, “The Post Office Department is not running a jackpot operation.”
Sherman then filed an injunction to stop the reprint, but it was too late as they had already begun production. An eventual court decision ruled that their actions were illegal. Sherman received an affidavit from the postal service certifying that his was an original error. He eventually donated his sheet to the America Philatelic Society.
The special printing stamp, #1204, was issued on November 16, 1962. There were 40 million stamps issued. It’s virtually impossible to identify an original error stamp from a special printing stamp, so they all have the same value. However, First Day Covers and covers dated before November 16 prove they are the earlier issue and carry significant value. Additionally, there are three varieties of the special printing stamp, which you can read more about here.