8¢ Printer and Patriots Examining Pamphlet
Issue Date: February 16, 1973
City: Portland, OR
Quantity: Various quantities
Printed By: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Giori press (U.S. #1476-77) and Lithographed, engraved (U.S. #1478-79)
Issued to commemorate the upcoming Bicentennial celebration, U.S. #1476-79 was a set of four stamps chronicling the many ways patriots communicated the spirit of independence during the American Revolution. Each of the set of four stamps was issued on a different date and in different cities.
“Printer and Patriots Examining Pamphlet” (U.S. #1476) was issued on February 16, 1973, in Portland, Oregon. Issued to salute the roles of printers and pamphleteers who produced the words to unite patriots, keep their courage high, and urge Americans to fight for freedom.
“Posting a Broadside” (U.S. #1477) was issued on April 13, 1973, in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Issued to point out the importance of communications during the Revolutionary War. Broadsides were posters that were displayed to keep the colonists aware of events or to spread propaganda.
“Postrider” (U.S. #1478) was issued on June 22, 1973, in Rochester, New York. Issued in honor of the post rider who carried the mail on horseback. He was an invaluable source of information as his travels from colony to colony enabled him to know the mood of the people.
“Drummer” (U.S. #1479) was issued on September 28, 1973, in New Orleans, Louisiana. The last in the series on Colonial Communications is the drummer who marched into battle or used his drum to summon his neighbors to defend their homes.
The Bicentennial Series
The U.S. Bicentennial was a series of celebrations during the mid-1970s that commemorated the historic events leading to America’s independence from Great Britain.
The official events began on April 1, 1975, when the American Freedom Train departed Delaware to begin a 21-month, 25,338-mile tour of the 48 contiguous states. For more than a year, a wave of patriotism swept the nation as elaborate firework displays lit up skies across the U.S., an international fleet of tall-mast sailing ships gathered in New York City and Boston, and Queen Elizabeth made a state visit. The celebration culminated on July 4, 1976, with the 200th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.
The U.S.P.S. issued 113 commemorative stamps over a six-year period in honor of the U.S. bicentennial, beginning with the American Revolution Bicentennial Commission Emblem stamp (U.S. #1432). As a group, the Bicentennial Series chronicles one of our nation’s most important chapters, and remembers the events and patriots who made the U.S. a world model for liberty.
First Continuously Published Newspaper in America
The first continuously published newspaper in the American colonies, The Boston News-Letter, published its first issue on April 24, 1704. It was the only continuously-produced paper in the colonies for 15 years and ceased publication in 1776 due to the American Revolution.
The first-ever multi-page newspaper in the colonies was Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, which was first published on September 25, 1690, in Boston. It was intended to be a monthly periodical but was shut down just four days after that first issue by the Colonial government because it included “sundry doubtful and uncertain Reports.”
In the early 1700s, bookseller and Boston postmaster John Campbell started creating hand-written newsletters about what was going on in Europe. He sent his newsletters to New England governors for over a year. He then decided it would be easier to print his newsletters for all to read. He produced his first issue of The Boston News-Letter on April 24, 1704. Initially, the paper was issued weekly as a half sheet – one page measuring eight by twelve inches, with articles on both sides.
Early on, the paper mostly shared news from London periodicals concerning politics and wars. It also included information on ship arrivals, deaths, sermons, political appointments, fires, and accidents. One of its most exciting stories came in 1718, when it detailed the death of the pirate Blackbeard from hand-to-hand combat. The Boston News-Letter was Boston’s only newspaper until the Boston Gazette was created in 1719. Other major cities didn’t start their own papers until 1719 (Philadelphia) and 1725 (New York).
Bartholomew Green took over the paper in 1722 and cut down on the European news to focus more on what was happening in the colonies. After his death 10 years later, his son-in-law John Draper took it over. Draper expanded it to four pages and covered even more colonial news. The paper passed to his son, Richard Draper in 1762, and the younger Draper’s widow Margaret upon his death in 1774.
The Drapers were committed loyalists and supported the British in the years leading up to the Revolution. When editor Robert Boyle shared sympathy with the Revolutionaries, he was replaced by John Howe. They continued to produce the paper until the British evacuated Boston on March 17, 1776. The paper was never reinstated, and Mrs. Draper was given a life pension from the British government.
View the first issue of The Boston News-Letter.