1977 13¢ Herkimer at Oriskany
Issue Date: August 6, 1977
City: Utica, NY
Printed By: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Photogravure
The design of U.S. #1722 is modeled after a painting by Frederick Yohn that hangs in Utica, New York’s public library.
The Battle of Oriskany
On the morning of August 6, 1777, troops under Brigadier General Nicholas Herkimer began marching on Fort Stanwix to provide the besieged fort with much-needed relief. Within miles of the fort, a force of Indians, allied with the British under Chief Joseph Brant, ambushed Herkimer’s force. The battle was fierce and losses were high for both sides. General Herkimer was shot in the leg, but he continued to direct the fighting from beneath a beech tree, as shown on the stamp. General Herkimer died a few days later, but the Battle of Oriskany was key in preventing the British from reaching Albany.
The Bicentennial Series
The U.S. Bicentennial was a series of celebrations during the mid-1970s that commemorated the historic events leading to America’s independence from Great Britain. The official events began on April 1, 1975, when the American Freedom Train departed Delaware to begin a 21-month, 25,338-mile tour of the 48 contiguous states. For more than a year, a wave of patriotism swept the nation as elaborate firework displays lit up skies across the U.S., an international fleet of tall-mast sailing ships gathered in New York City and Boston, and Queen Elizabeth made a state visit. The celebration culminated on July 4, 1976, with the 200th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.
The U.S.P.S. issued 113 commemorative stamps over a six-year period in honor of the U.S. bicentennial, beginning with the American Revolution Bicentennial Commission Emblem stamp (U.S. #1432). As a group, the Bicentennial Series chronicles one of our nation’s most important chapters, and remembers the events and patriots who made the U.S. a world model for liberty.