1995 32¢ Ulysses S. Grant
Issue Date: June 29, 1995
City: Gettysburg, PA
Quantity: 15,000,000 panes of 20
Printed By: Stamp Venturers
Printing Method: Photogravure
The release of the 20 Civil War stamps marked the most extensive effort in the history of the U.S. Postal Service to review and verify the historical accuracy of stamp subjects. Each of the 16 individuals and four battles featured were chosen from a master list of 50 subjects, which included Presidents, generals, major battles, rank-and-file soldiers, women, African and Native Americans, and abolitionists. The goal of the U.S.P.S. was to show the wide variety of people who participated in the Civil War.
Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant’s success as a military officer is nearly unparalleled in American history. When the Civil War broke out, the North needed officers, and Grant was given command of a volunteer regiment. In early 1862, he set out on the Kentucky-Tennessee River campaign that would make him famous. Despite devastating losses at Shiloh, Grant seemed to be without fear of failure, and he soon proved himself to be a bold and brilliant strategist. In March 1864, Grant was appointed commander in chief of all Union armies. Since 1862, Lincoln had favored a cordon offense, in which the Union armies would advance on all fronts, pitting vast northern resources against the South. In Grant, Lincoln had finally found the leadership needed to carry out such an offensive.
A national hero after the war, Grant was appointed a full general, the first to hold such rank since George Washington. In 1868, he accepted the Republican nomination for the presidency. Winning by an overwhelming victory, he served as president for two terms. Despite being in constant pain from throat cancer, he later wrote a two-volume autobiography, Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant, which today is regarded as one of the great classics of military literature.