#3063 – 1996 32c Pioneers of Communication: Frederic E. Ives

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U.S. #3063
32¢ Frederic E. Ives
Pioneers of Communication

Issue Date: February 22, 1996
City: New York, NY
Quantity: 23,292,500
Printed By: Ashton-Potter USA
Printing Method:
Lithographed
Perforations:
11.1 x 11
Color: Multicolored
 
Frederic Eugene Ives was born February 17, 1856, in Litchfield, Connecticut. When he was 11, he began a three-year apprenticeship with the Litchfield Enquirer, learning the art of making printing blocks through wood engraving. This printing experience led him to develop an interest in photography.
 
Working with his cousin, Ives mastered wet-plate photography, and was head of the photographic laboratory at Cornell University by the time he was 18 years old. In 1878, Ives developed an early half-tone process using a swelled gelatin relief, which translated an image, such as a photograph, into a pattern of dots of various sizes to recreate the appropriate tones of the image. This process, called “halftone photogravure,” could be used to create a printing plate that would reproduce pictures for publication in newspapers or magazines. In 1885, Ives further enhanced this printing method by adding improved screening.
 
Ives was granted 70 patents. In addition to the patent for halftone photogravure, these included such innovations as: the photochromascope camera; the chromogram, which displayed the three-separation color negative produced by the camera; and the modern short-tube, single objective binocular microscope.
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U.S. #3063
32¢ Frederic E. Ives
Pioneers of Communication

Issue Date: February 22, 1996
City: New York, NY
Quantity: 23,292,500
Printed By: Ashton-Potter USA
Printing Method:
Lithographed
Perforations:
11.1 x 11
Color: Multicolored
 
Frederic Eugene Ives was born February 17, 1856, in Litchfield, Connecticut. When he was 11, he began a three-year apprenticeship with the Litchfield Enquirer, learning the art of making printing blocks through wood engraving. This printing experience led him to develop an interest in photography.
 
Working with his cousin, Ives mastered wet-plate photography, and was head of the photographic laboratory at Cornell University by the time he was 18 years old. In 1878, Ives developed an early half-tone process using a swelled gelatin relief, which translated an image, such as a photograph, into a pattern of dots of various sizes to recreate the appropriate tones of the image. This process, called “halftone photogravure,” could be used to create a printing plate that would reproduce pictures for publication in newspapers or magazines. In 1885, Ives further enhanced this printing method by adding improved screening.
 
Ives was granted 70 patents. In addition to the patent for halftone photogravure, these included such innovations as: the photochromascope camera; the chromogram, which displayed the three-separation color negative produced by the camera; and the modern short-tube, single objective binocular microscope.