1998 32¢ W.E.B. Du Bois, Social Activist
Celebrate the Century – 1900s
Issue Date: February 3, 1998
City: Washington, DC
Printed By: Ashton-Potter (USA) Ltd
Printing Method: Lithographed
Perforations: 11 ½
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts in 1868. He was educated at Fisk University, Harvard University, and the University of Berlin. In 1895 he became the first Black to receive a doctor of philosophy degree from Harvard. W.E.B. Du Bois went on to teach at Atlanta University.
Du Bois was a historian, a sociologist, an editor, and a writer. In addition to writing numerous speeches and articles, he edited four magazines and published nineteen books. One of his best-known books, The Souls of Black Folk was a collection of essays published in 1903.
W.E.B. Du Bois is probably most famous for his role as a leader of the American civil rights movement during the first half of the 20th century. In his efforts to fight racial discrimination, he founded the Niagara Movement in 1905. This led to the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909. Du Bois edited their monthly magazine, The Crisis, and was actively involved with the organization until 1934.
Du Bois worked to fight prejudice while promoting black culture. Although he had many controversial beliefs and affiliations, he made important contributions to the improvement of civil rights in the United States.