76¢ Edward Trudeau
Issue Date: May 12, 2008
City: Washington, DC
Printed by: Ashton Potter (USA) Ltd
Printing Method: Lithographed and Engraved
Perforations: 11.25 x 11
Edward Trudeau (1848-1915) was a pioneer in the research and treatment of tuberculosis. While in his late teens, Trudeau helped nurse his brother James, who had contracted tuberculosis. When James died after just three months, Trudeau said the death caused him great sorrow and gave him an “unquenchable sympathy for all tuberculosis patients.”
Trudeau graduated from Columbia’s College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1871 and in less than two years was diagnosed with tuberculosis. Expecting to die, Trudeau traveled to the Adirondack Mountains, where he had earlier enjoyed hunting and fishing vacations. At Paul Smith’s Saranac Lake Hotel, Trudeau read about the “cold air” method used by European doctors in the Alps to treat tuberculosis.
When his health improved, Trudeau opened the Adirondack Cottage Sanatorium on Saranac Lake, convinced the cold air would help others as well. In 1898, Trudeau claimed a success rate of 73%, enticing patients from all walks of life. One, author Robert Louis Stevenson, spent the winter of 1887–1888 with Trudeau. In his secluded sanatorium, patients were offered hope while they enjoyed the companionship of others.
In 2008, the U.S. Postal Service honored Dr. Edward Trudeau with a 76¢ first-class stamp, the 11th issue in the Distinguished Americans Series.