37¢ Distinguished Marines
Issue Date: November 10, 2005
City: Washington, DC
Printed By: Ashton-Potter (USA) Ltd
Printing Method: Lithographed
Perforations: Serpentine Die Cut 11 x 10.5
Please note: Due to the layout of the pane, the se-tenant may or may not be provided in Scott Catalogue order.
John A. Lejeune
Lieutenant General John Archer Lejeune (1867-1942) was born at Pointe Coupee, Louisiana. He graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1888 and became a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps in 1890.
Lejeune served as a young officer during the 1898 Spanish-American War. He fought in campaigns in Panama, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic, and he participated in the occupations of Veracruz, Mexico, and Nicaragua.
During World War I, Lejeune received the Legion of Honor and the Croix de Guerre from the French and Distinguished Service Medals from the U.S. Army and the Navy. He was the first Marine general to command an Army division.
Lejeune was determined to make the Marine Corps into an important amphibious force for expeditionary use by the Navy. As Major General Commandant of the Corps from June 1920 to March 1929, Lejeune emphasized equipping and training the Marines to be instantly ready to support the naval fleet in time of war, in the air, on land, and sea.
Lejeune served more than 40 years with the Marines. He is often called “the greatest of all leathernecks.” Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, is named in his honor.
Lewis B. Puller
Lieutenant General Lewis Burwell Puller (1898-1971), born in West Point, Virginia, enlisted in the Marines in 1918. Placed on inactive reserve duty at the end of World War I, Puller immediately enlisted in the regular Corps. He led native troops against bandits in Haiti and Nicaragua, where he won two Navy Crosses – the second-highest award for combat heroism.
Puller earned a third Navy Cross on Guadalcanal in World War II. In one action alone, his Marines killed 1,400 hostile troops, held ground until reinforcements arrived, and suffered fewer than 70 casualties.
Puller’s fourth Navy Cross was awarded for action on Cape Gloucester, New Britain, in 1944. When the leaders of two battalions were wounded, he took over and moved through heavy fire to command their units.
The fifth and final Navy Cross Puller earned was in the Korean War during the bitter Chosin Reservoir battle. Although surrounded, he led the Marines out, fighting continuously in sub-zero weather, bringing fallen and wounded men and vital equipment with them. Puller served 27 years overseas and earned more than 50 decorations. When he was retired in 1955, Lieutenant General Puller was the most decorated man in Marine Corps history.
Gunnery Sergeant John Basilone (1916-45) was born in Buffalo, New York, and raised in Raritan, New Jersey. At 18, he joined the Army and served three years before being honorably discharged. In 1940, with World War II on the horizon, he joined the Marines.
In the 1942 battle of Bloody Ridge on Guadalcanal, Basilone commanded two machine-gun emplacements defending an airfield. When the Japanese attacked and one gun crew was wiped out, Basilone rolled back and forth over the ground, firing first one gun, then the other. When ammunition got low, he went back through enemy fire for more. Basilone saved Henderson Airfield by valiantly holding off an advancing Japanese regiment until reinforcements arrived.
Basilone was awarded the Medal of Honor for extraordinary heroism above and beyond the call of duty. He returned home a hero, but refused a commission and asked to return to the Pacific to rejoin his men.
When the Marines landed on Iwo Jima on February 19, 1945, Basilone single-handedly destroyed a Japanese blockhouse, allowing his unit to capture an airfield. Minutes later, an enemy shell killed him. On his left arm was a tattoo that read “Death before Dishonor.” Basilone was awarded the Navy Cross posthumously.
Daniel J. Daly
Sergeant Major Daniel J. Daly (1873-1937) was born in Glen Cove, New York. In 1899, he enlisted in the Marine Corps and was sent to the Asiatic Fleet.
One evening in August 1900, Daly and his captain defended a barricade in the city of Peking, China, during the Boxer Rebellion. As night fell, the captain left to get reinforcements. Daly held the position through relentless attacks until reinforcements arrived. For his brave conduct, Daly was awarded the Medal of Honor.
During the Mexican-American War in 1914, Daly saw action in Haiti. His patrol of 35 Marines was ambushed by approximately 400 rebels. Daly received the Medal of Honor for fighting off the rebel ambush against overwhelming odds.
Sgt. Daly is often remembered for his unflinching charge against German soldiers at the World War I battle of Belleau Wood in France. Outside the village of Lucy le Bocage, outnumbered, outgunned, and pinned down, Daly ordered an attack, leading his men. “Do you want to live forever?” he yelled. He and his small group of Marines surged forward and captured the town.
Major General John A. Lejeune, former Commandant of the Marine Corps, described Sergeant Major Daniel Daly as the “outstanding Marine of all time.”
Birth Of John A. Lejeune
Marine Corps Commandant John Archer Lejeune was born on January 10, 1867, in Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana.
Lejeune was the son of a Confederate Army Captain. He graduated second in his class from the US Naval Academy in 1888 before completing a two-year cruise as a midshipman. Lejeune was then appointed to Naval Engineering but wanted to join the Marines.
Eventually, Lejeune contacted his senator who helped him get an appointment with the Marine Corps on July 25, 1890. Lejeune served as a young officer during the 1898 Spanish-American War, taking command of Marine Guard aboard the USS Cincinnati. He fought in campaigns in Panama, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic, and he participated in the occupations of Veracruz, Mexico, and Nicaragua. Lejeune also led a 30-man landing party in Puerto Rico that covered the withdrawal of US Navy bluejackets after the Battle of Fajardo.
Lejeune spent the next several years in command duties in Panama, the Philippines, and Cuba. He participated in the occupation of Veracruz in 1914 before being made Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps.
During World War I, Lejeune received the Legion of Honor and the Croix de Guerre from the French and Distinguished Service Medals from the US Army and the Navy. He was the second Marine general to command an Army division – leading the US Army 2nd Division at the Battle of St. Mihiel.
Lejeune once described his philosophy: “The key to combat effectiveness is unity – an esprit that characterizes itself in complete, irrevocable, mutual trust. Now my infantry trusts my artillery and engineers, and my artillery and engineers know this so they will go through hell itself before they let down the infantry. My infantry believe that with such support they are invincible-and they are.”
On July 1, 1920, Lejeune was promoted to major general and made Commandant of the Marine Corps. Lejeune was determined to make the Marine Corps into an important amphibious force for expeditionary use by the Navy. As commandant, he emphasized equipping and training the Marines to be instantly ready to support the naval fleet in time of war, in the air, on land, and sea.
In 1923, Lejeune helped found the US Marine Corps League, the only Marine veteran organization to receive a Congressional Charter. After serving with the Marines for nearly 40 years, Lejeune retired in 1929. He then served as superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute until 1937. Following Hitler’s invasion of Poland in 1939, Lejeune wrote to the then-current commandant of the Marines offering his services, but they were politely declined due to his age.
Lejeune, often called “the greatest of all leathernecks,” died on November 20, 1942. Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, is named in his honor.