Issue Date: March 6, 2008
City: New York, NY
Linus Pauling (1901-1994) was an important American chemist who made significant contributions to both science and humanitarian causes.
After graduating summa cum laude with a Ph.D. in Chemistry from California Institute of Technology, Pauling remained there as a professor from 1927 until 1964. He received many awards during his lifetime, including two Nobel Prizes – one for Chemistry in 1954, and another for Peace in 1962. Pauling’s research led to the publication of The Nature of the Chemical Bond and the Structure of Molecules and Crystals.
Pauling then turned his chemistry research toward how it related to the human body. In 1970 he published Vitamin C and the Common Cold, and later, Cancer and Vitamin C and How to Live Longer and Feel Better. Pauling joined Albert Einstein on the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists. In 1958, he delivered a petition to the United Nations calling for an end to nuclear testing. Although this stand was unpopular, Pauling followed his conscience and continued to speak out, educating the public about the possible effects of nuclear weapons.
In 1973 Pauling founded the Institute of Orthomolecular Medicine, a non-profit research organization, later renamed the Linus Pauling Institute. Linus Pauling was honored with a 2008 U.S. 41¢ stamp in the second se-tenant block of four in the American Scientists Series.