2009 42¢ Civil Rights Pioneers
Issue Date: February 21, 2009
City: New York, NY
Printed By: Avery Dennison
Printing Method: Photogravure
Perforations: Serpentine die cut 10 ¾
Chances are you can’t name all 12 men and women pictured on the 2009 Civil Rights Pioneers stamp sheet. But you probably know of their achievements. With quiet courage and determination, these individuals helped to marshall in important movements, organizations, laws and educational reform – and greater equality for all Americans.
Stamp Sheet Commemorates 100 Years of the NAACP
In 1909, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was formed “To promote equality of rights and to eradicate caste or race prejudice among the citizens of the United States.”
A century later, the United States Postal Service honored the accomplishments of this important civil rights organization with the issue of this six-stamp set. Each stamp pictures two individuals who made the fight for equality their life’s work. Honored in this set are:
• Mary Church Terrell – Filed the lawsuit that desegregated Washington, D.C. restaurants. (1953)
• Mary White Ovington – Co-founded the NAACP. (1909)
• J.R. Clifford – Won the nation’s first court case declaring racial discrimination illegal. (1898)
• Joel Elias Spingarn – Introduced the Spingarn medal – for outstanding achievement by an African American. (1913)
• Oswald Garrison Villard – Used his newspapers to call the first meeting of the NAACP. (1909)
• Daisy Gatson Bates – Led the “Little Rock Nine” to de-segregating their Arkansas high school. (1957)
• Charles Hamilton Houston – Involved in almost every Supreme Court Civil Rights case between 1930 and 1954.
• Walter White – Used his fair skin, blond hair and blue eyes to “pass” as a Caucasian and covertly investigate 41 lynchings.
• Medgar Evers – Became a martyr of the civil rights movement after he was fatally shot in his own driveway in 1963.
• Fannie Lou Hamer – Fought for African American delegates to be included at the 1968 Democratic National Convention.
• Ella Baker – Established a network of activists that vastly increased membership in the NAACP.
• Ruby Hurley – Went undercover to investigate several lynchings throughout the South.