#4541 – 2011 First-Class Forever Stamp - American Scientists: Melvin Calv

Condition
Price
Qty
- Mint Stamp(s)
Ships in 1-2 business days.i$2.00
$2.00
- Used Single Stamp(s)
Ships in 1-2 business days.i$1.60
$1.60
1 More - Click Here
Mounts - Click Here
Condition
Price
Qty
- MM216430x37mm 5 Vertical Black Split-Back Mounts
Ships in 1-2 business days.i
$0.95
$0.95
U.S. #4541
2011 44¢ Melvin Calvin
American Scientists
 
Issue Date: June 16, 2011
City: St. Paul, MN
Quantity: 30,000,000
Printed By:  Banknote Corporation of America, Sennett Security Products
Printing Method: Offset
Color: multicolored
 
 

Birth of Melvin Calvin

2011 Melvin Calvin stamp
US #4541 – This stamp includes part of the carbon cycle plus chemical structures and symbols relating to photosynthesis.

Biochemist Melvin Calvin was born on April 8, 1911, in St. Paul, Minnesota.  He earned the 1961 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his discover of the Calvin cycle – the conversion of carbon dioxide into organic molecules during photosynthesis.

Calvin’s family moved to Detroit when he was young and ran a small grocery store.  He worked at the store when he wasn’t in school and grew interested in the different products they sold.  Calvin wondered what things were made of and developed an interest in chemistry.  A high school teacher once criticized him for not gathering all the data before arriving at his answers, and said he’d never make a scientist.

Calvin Fleetwood First Day Cover
US #4541 – Fleetwood First Day Cover

Years later, Calvin addressed the comments in his 1992 autobiography.  He wrote, “It’s no trick to get the right answer when you have all the data.  The real creative trick is to get the right answer when you have only half of the data in hand and half of it is wrong and you don’t know which half is wrong.”

Calvin went on to attend Michigan College of Science and Technology where he was the school’s first chemistry major.  He then earned his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota in 1935.  After graduation, Calvin spent two years in England studying with Michael Polanyi.  While there, he grew interested in photochemistry (studying the chemical effects of light), which sent him on the path to study chlorophyll, photosynthesis, and artificial photosynthetic membrane models.

1976 Chemistry stamp
US #1685 – Calvin won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1961.

Upon returning to the US in 1937, Calvin was hired to teach at the University of California at Berkeley.  He was promoted to Professor of Chemistry in 1947 and remained at Berkeley until 1980.  Calvin strongly encouraged cooperation among different scientific disciplines.  The Berkeley bioscience lab nicknamed the “Calvin Carousel,” was officially named the Melvin Calvin Laboratory after he retired.  Time magazine gave Calvin a different nickname – “Mr. Photosynthesis.”

Calvin’s creativity led to breakthrough research regarding photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy.  The conversion of carbon dioxide into organic molecules is called the “Calvin Cycle” (or the Calvin-Benson-Bassham Cycle) because of his work.  Calvin received the 1961 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his use of carbon-14 to determine how plants use carbon during photosynthesis.

1951 American Chemical Society stamp
US #1002 – Calvin served as president of the American Chemical Society.

Calvin, Andrew Benson, and James Bassham traced the full route that carbon travels through a plant during photosynthesis – from the time its absorbed as atmospheric carbon dioxide to its conversion to carbohydrates and other organic compounds.  This study proved that sunlight, rather than carbon dioxide, affects chlorophyll in the production of organic compounds.  His Nobel presenter credited Calvin with “the complete clarification of an extremely intricate problem.”

1994 Moon Landing stamp
US #2842 – Calvin worked with NASA in their planning of the Apollo 11 Moon Landing.

Calvin later helped found the Society for General Systems Research.  He was also made a Professor of Molecular Biology and founded the Laboratory of Chemical Biodynamics.  He served as director of that lab and associate director of the Berkeley Radiation Lab until his retirement in 1980.  Calvin committed several years of research to studying the chemical evolution of life as well as possible uses of oil-producing plants for renewable energy.  During his lifetime, he was made a foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences and received an honorary Doctor of Laws from Whittier College.

1974 Energy Conservation stamp
US #1547 – Calvin served on the Energy Research Advisory Board from 1981 to 1985.

Calvin was also involved with NASA’s Apollo program.  He provided plans to protect the Moon from biological contamination from the Earth, as well as protection for the Earth from lunar organisms.  He also aided in the search for biological and organic elements on lunar samples and plans to continue that research on other planets.  Calvin also served on the President’s Science Advisory Committee and served on the Department of Energy’s Energy Research Advisory Board.  Calvin died on January 8, 1997.

Watch an interesting interview with Calvin.

Read More - Click Here


  • 2021 First-Class Forever Stamps - Star Wars Droids 2021 55¢ Star Wars Droids

    n 2021, the United States Postal Service released 10 new Forever stamps picturing Star Wars droids. The stamps were created to honor these characters and the positive influence they've had on people.  Order your set today.

    $10.95- $21.50
    BUY NOW
  • Major League Baseball In Stamps, Mint, Set of 5 Sheets, Grenada Major League Baseball Stamp Set
    Includes four mint stamp sheets. Each stamp features a portrait of the featured player, plus an action shot and team logo. Fun to own… and a terrific way to recall your memories of these baseball giants.  Act now and save $30.
    $19.95
    BUY NOW
  • 2001-11 Symbols of America, collection of 16 stamps 2001-11 Symbols of America, collection of 16 stamps
    Filling the gaps in your collection is easy with Mystic’s 2001-11 Symbols of America Set.  You’ll get 16 desirable stamps in one convenient step – saving you time and money. 
    $5.25- $17.50
    BUY NOW

U.S. #4541
2011 44¢ Melvin Calvin
American Scientists
 

Issue Date: June 16, 2011

City: St. Paul, MN
Quantity: 30,000,000
Printed By:  Banknote Corporation of America, Sennett Security Products
Printing Method: Offset
Color: multicolored
 

 

Birth of Melvin Calvin

2011 Melvin Calvin stamp
US #4541 – This stamp includes part of the carbon cycle plus chemical structures and symbols relating to photosynthesis.

Biochemist Melvin Calvin was born on April 8, 1911, in St. Paul, Minnesota.  He earned the 1961 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his discover of the Calvin cycle – the conversion of carbon dioxide into organic molecules during photosynthesis.

Calvin’s family moved to Detroit when he was young and ran a small grocery store.  He worked at the store when he wasn’t in school and grew interested in the different products they sold.  Calvin wondered what things were made of and developed an interest in chemistry.  A high school teacher once criticized him for not gathering all the data before arriving at his answers, and said he’d never make a scientist.

Calvin Fleetwood First Day Cover
US #4541 – Fleetwood First Day Cover

Years later, Calvin addressed the comments in his 1992 autobiography.  He wrote, “It’s no trick to get the right answer when you have all the data.  The real creative trick is to get the right answer when you have only half of the data in hand and half of it is wrong and you don’t know which half is wrong.”

Calvin went on to attend Michigan College of Science and Technology where he was the school’s first chemistry major.  He then earned his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota in 1935.  After graduation, Calvin spent two years in England studying with Michael Polanyi.  While there, he grew interested in photochemistry (studying the chemical effects of light), which sent him on the path to study chlorophyll, photosynthesis, and artificial photosynthetic membrane models.

1976 Chemistry stamp
US #1685 – Calvin won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1961.

Upon returning to the US in 1937, Calvin was hired to teach at the University of California at Berkeley.  He was promoted to Professor of Chemistry in 1947 and remained at Berkeley until 1980.  Calvin strongly encouraged cooperation among different scientific disciplines.  The Berkeley bioscience lab nicknamed the “Calvin Carousel,” was officially named the Melvin Calvin Laboratory after he retired.  Time magazine gave Calvin a different nickname – “Mr. Photosynthesis.”

Calvin’s creativity led to breakthrough research regarding photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy.  The conversion of carbon dioxide into organic molecules is called the “Calvin Cycle” (or the Calvin-Benson-Bassham Cycle) because of his work.  Calvin received the 1961 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his use of carbon-14 to determine how plants use carbon during photosynthesis.

1951 American Chemical Society stamp
US #1002 – Calvin served as president of the American Chemical Society.

Calvin, Andrew Benson, and James Bassham traced the full route that carbon travels through a plant during photosynthesis – from the time its absorbed as atmospheric carbon dioxide to its conversion to carbohydrates and other organic compounds.  This study proved that sunlight, rather than carbon dioxide, affects chlorophyll in the production of organic compounds.  His Nobel presenter credited Calvin with “the complete clarification of an extremely intricate problem.”

1994 Moon Landing stamp
US #2842 – Calvin worked with NASA in their planning of the Apollo 11 Moon Landing.

Calvin later helped found the Society for General Systems Research.  He was also made a Professor of Molecular Biology and founded the Laboratory of Chemical Biodynamics.  He served as director of that lab and associate director of the Berkeley Radiation Lab until his retirement in 1980.  Calvin committed several years of research to studying the chemical evolution of life as well as possible uses of oil-producing plants for renewable energy.  During his lifetime, he was made a foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences and received an honorary Doctor of Laws from Whittier College.

1974 Energy Conservation stamp
US #1547 – Calvin served on the Energy Research Advisory Board from 1981 to 1985.

Calvin was also involved with NASA’s Apollo program.  He provided plans to protect the Moon from biological contamination from the Earth, as well as protection for the Earth from lunar organisms.  He also aided in the search for biological and organic elements on lunar samples and plans to continue that research on other planets.  Calvin also served on the President’s Science Advisory Committee and served on the Department of Energy’s Energy Research Advisory Board.  Calvin died on January 8, 1997.

Watch an interesting interview with Calvin.