1924 5¢ Monument at Mayport, Florida
Issue Date: May 1, 1924
First City: Various cities
Quantity Issued: 5,659,023
Printed by: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Color: Dark blue
The monument on this stamp is located in Mayport, Florida, and marks another area where the Huguenots settled. The monument on U.S. #616 is called the “Jean Ribaut Monument.” Ribaut had helped organize early Huguenot settlements, but the colony settled in 1564 near Mayport, Florida, was too close to Spanish shipping lanes. The settlers were wiped out by the Spanish in 1565.
The Huguenots and Walloons Emigrate to America
This series of stamps commemorates the role of Protestant immigrants in settling America. The series was issued on the 300th anniversary of the first successful colony. The Huguenots were French Protestants who, in the 16th century, established the first Presbyterian Church in France. After having their rights stripped by French King Louis XIV and Cardinal Richilieu, the Huguenots fled to other countries – and eventually, America. The first settlements were as early as 1562 and 1564, but they soon failed.
The Walloons were Dutch Protestants who suffered similar oppression. A 1624 expedition funded by the Dutch West India Company was much more successful, establishing a settlement at Fort Orange (now present-day Albany, New York).