1929 2¢ Battle of Fallen Timbers
Issue Date: September 14, 1929
First City: Erie, PA and five other cities
Quantity Issued: 29,338,274
The Battle of Fallen Timbers Opens the
Northwest Territory For Settlement
The United States gained title to the massive Northwest Territory from the British during the Revolutionary War. However, hostile Indians, supplied and encouraged by the British, all but prevented white settlement.
President George Washington sent military expeditions against the Indians in 1790 and 1791, but they met with defeat. Then, in 1792, Washington appointed Anthony Wayne (1745-1796) head of the U.S. Army. This brilliant tactician had earned the name “Mad Anthony” Wayne through his acts of reckless courage during the Revolutionary War.
On August 20, 1794, Wayne’s forces defeated a large army of Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, near present-day Toledo, Ohio. In 1795, Wayne forced the Indians to sign the Treaty of Greenville. This treaty made the Northwest Territory, which included all of Indiana, available for American settlement.