#870 – 1940 Famous Americans: 2c Mark Hopkins

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U.S. #870
1940 2¢ Mark Hopkins
Famous Americans Series – Educators

Issue Date: March 14, 1940
First City: Williamstown, Massachusetts
Quantity Issued: 52,366,440
Printed by: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Rotary Press
Perforation: 10 ½ x 11
Color: Rose carmine
 

Birth of Mark Hopkins

1940 2¢ Mark Hopkins
US #870 – from the Famous American Educators Issue

Mark Hopkins was born on February 4, 1802, in Stockbridge, Massachusetts.  He was the youngest college president in the US and produced many influential writings on religion, education, morality, and more.

Hopkins was the great-nephew of theologian Samuel Hopkins.  He attended Williams College, graduating in 1824.  From 1825 to 1827, he was a tutor there.  Hopkins also attended Berkshire Medical College in Pittsfield, Massachusetts.  After graduating in 1830, he became a professor of moral philosophy and rhetoric at Williams College.

Hopkins was asked to be the president of Williams College in 1836 and remained in that position until 1872.  When he began his tenure, he was the youngest man to head a college in the US.  Williams was a small college where young men could gain an education from teachers who knew their students.  Hopkins was loved and respected as a teacher, known for his humor, compassion, and true care for his students.

1962 4¢ Higher Education
US #1206 – Hopkins was the youngest college president in the US at the time.

Though he had no formal training in theology, Hopkins was made a Congregationalist minister in 1836.  His teachings were greatly influenced by his religious convictions, encouraging piety and moral values as just as, if not more, important than intellectual accomplishments.  Throughout his life, Hopkins was a supporter of Christian missions.  From 1857 until his death, he served as president of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.

1995 32¢ Traditional Christmas: Midnight Angel, booklet single
US #3012 – Many of Hopkins’s lessons, lectures, and writings were influenced by his religious convictions.

In January 1844, Hopkins delivered a series of lectures at the Lowell Institute.  Two years later, these lectures were collected as Evidences of Christianity.  This became an important and influential textbook that was reprinted several times until 1909.  Hopkins had an interest in law, despite no legal training.  He used several legal metaphors in Evidences.

Hopkins produced many other writings during his life, many of which were based on his lectures and sermons.  Some of the most notable were Lectures on Moral Science (1862), The Law of Love and Love as a Law (1869), An Outline Study of Man (1873), The Scriptural Idea of Man (1883), and Teachings and Counsels (1884).

1890 6¢ Garfield, brown red
US #224 – Garfield studied under Hopkins and praised his teaching methods.

Future president James Garfield attended Williams College in the 1850s under Hopkins’s leadership.  At an alumni dinner at the White House the day after his inauguration in 1871, Garfield honored Hopkins.  “I am not willing that this discussion should close without mention of the value of a true teacher.  Give me a log hut, with only a simple bench, Mark Hopkins on one end and I on the other, and you may have all the buildings, apparatus, and libraries without him.”

W.E.B. Du Bois later referred to Garfield’s statement in “The Talented Tenth,” saying “There was a time when the American people believed pretty devoutly that a log of wood with a boy at one end and Mark Hopkins at the other, represented the highest ideal of human training.  But in these eager days it would seem that we have changed all that and think it necessary to add a couple of saw-mills and a hammer to this outfit, and, at a pinch, to dispense with the services of Mark Hopkins.”

Hopkins resigned from Williams College in 1872 and spent his final years lecturing, teaching, and writing.  He died on June 17, 1887.

 
Famous Americans
In 1938, the Post Office Department announced plans for a series of stamps recognizing 10 famous Americans and invited the public to submit recommendations. The response was so great that it was decided to increase the number from 10 to 35. This required an unexpected level of organization by the Post Office Department for this series.
 
Seven categories were decided upon – authors, poets, educators, scientists, composers, artists, and inventors. Each category of five has the same set of denominations – 1¢, 2¢, 3¢, 5¢, and 10¢. Each rate had a valid use. The 1¢ stamp paid for a letter that was dropped off at a post office to someone who had a box at the same office. The 2¢ was for local delivery. The 3¢ paid the normal non-local mail rate, and the 5¢ and 10¢ were used in combination for heavier letters and special rates. The denominations also shared a consistent coloring scheme: 1¢ is bright blue green; 2¢ is rose carmine; 3¢ is bright red violet; 5¢ is ultramarine; and 10¢ is dark brown.
 
Each category has its subjects arranged with the oldest birth date going on the 1¢ stamp, down to the most recent birth date on the 10¢ stamp. Each category has its own dedicated symbol in the engraving – a scroll, quill pen and inkwell for authors; a winged horse (Pegasus) for poets; the “Lamp of Knowledge” for educators; laurel leaves and the pipes of the Roman god Pan for composers; and inventors had a cogwheel with uplifted wings and a lightning flash to symbolize power, flight, and electricity. 
 
The artists and the scientists have multiple symbols. Artists have either a paint palette and brush (for painters), and the sculptors have a stonecutting hammer and chisel. Scientists had the classical symbol of their particular profession.
 
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U.S. #870
1940 2¢ Mark Hopkins
Famous Americans Series – Educators

Issue Date: March 14, 1940
First City: Williamstown, Massachusetts
Quantity Issued: 52,366,440
Printed by: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Rotary Press
Perforation: 10 ½ x 11
Color: Rose carmine
 

Birth of Mark Hopkins

1940 2¢ Mark Hopkins
US #870 – from the Famous American Educators Issue

Mark Hopkins was born on February 4, 1802, in Stockbridge, Massachusetts.  He was the youngest college president in the US and produced many influential writings on religion, education, morality, and more.

Hopkins was the great-nephew of theologian Samuel Hopkins.  He attended Williams College, graduating in 1824.  From 1825 to 1827, he was a tutor there.  Hopkins also attended Berkshire Medical College in Pittsfield, Massachusetts.  After graduating in 1830, he became a professor of moral philosophy and rhetoric at Williams College.

Hopkins was asked to be the president of Williams College in 1836 and remained in that position until 1872.  When he began his tenure, he was the youngest man to head a college in the US.  Williams was a small college where young men could gain an education from teachers who knew their students.  Hopkins was loved and respected as a teacher, known for his humor, compassion, and true care for his students.

1962 4¢ Higher Education
US #1206 – Hopkins was the youngest college president in the US at the time.

Though he had no formal training in theology, Hopkins was made a Congregationalist minister in 1836.  His teachings were greatly influenced by his religious convictions, encouraging piety and moral values as just as, if not more, important than intellectual accomplishments.  Throughout his life, Hopkins was a supporter of Christian missions.  From 1857 until his death, he served as president of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.

1995 32¢ Traditional Christmas: Midnight Angel, booklet single
US #3012 – Many of Hopkins’s lessons, lectures, and writings were influenced by his religious convictions.

In January 1844, Hopkins delivered a series of lectures at the Lowell Institute.  Two years later, these lectures were collected as Evidences of Christianity.  This became an important and influential textbook that was reprinted several times until 1909.  Hopkins had an interest in law, despite no legal training.  He used several legal metaphors in Evidences.

Hopkins produced many other writings during his life, many of which were based on his lectures and sermons.  Some of the most notable were Lectures on Moral Science (1862), The Law of Love and Love as a Law (1869), An Outline Study of Man (1873), The Scriptural Idea of Man (1883), and Teachings and Counsels (1884).

1890 6¢ Garfield, brown red
US #224 – Garfield studied under Hopkins and praised his teaching methods.

Future president James Garfield attended Williams College in the 1850s under Hopkins’s leadership.  At an alumni dinner at the White House the day after his inauguration in 1871, Garfield honored Hopkins.  “I am not willing that this discussion should close without mention of the value of a true teacher.  Give me a log hut, with only a simple bench, Mark Hopkins on one end and I on the other, and you may have all the buildings, apparatus, and libraries without him.”

W.E.B. Du Bois later referred to Garfield’s statement in “The Talented Tenth,” saying “There was a time when the American people believed pretty devoutly that a log of wood with a boy at one end and Mark Hopkins at the other, represented the highest ideal of human training.  But in these eager days it would seem that we have changed all that and think it necessary to add a couple of saw-mills and a hammer to this outfit, and, at a pinch, to dispense with the services of Mark Hopkins.”

Hopkins resigned from Williams College in 1872 and spent his final years lecturing, teaching, and writing.  He died on June 17, 1887.

 
Famous Americans
In 1938, the Post Office Department announced plans for a series of stamps recognizing 10 famous Americans and invited the public to submit recommendations. The response was so great that it was decided to increase the number from 10 to 35. This required an unexpected level of organization by the Post Office Department for this series.
 
Seven categories were decided upon – authors, poets, educators, scientists, composers, artists, and inventors. Each category of five has the same set of denominations – 1¢, 2¢, 3¢, 5¢, and 10¢. Each rate had a valid use. The 1¢ stamp paid for a letter that was dropped off at a post office to someone who had a box at the same office. The 2¢ was for local delivery. The 3¢ paid the normal non-local mail rate, and the 5¢ and 10¢ were used in combination for heavier letters and special rates. The denominations also shared a consistent coloring scheme: 1¢ is bright blue green; 2¢ is rose carmine; 3¢ is bright red violet; 5¢ is ultramarine; and 10¢ is dark brown.
 
Each category has its subjects arranged with the oldest birth date going on the 1¢ stamp, down to the most recent birth date on the 10¢ stamp. Each category has its own dedicated symbol in the engraving – a scroll, quill pen and inkwell for authors; a winged horse (Pegasus) for poets; the “Lamp of Knowledge” for educators; laurel leaves and the pipes of the Roman god Pan for composers; and inventors had a cogwheel with uplifted wings and a lightning flash to symbolize power, flight, and electricity. 
 
The artists and the scientists have multiple symbols. Artists have either a paint palette and brush (for painters), and the sculptors have a stonecutting hammer and chisel. Scientists had the classical symbol of their particular profession.