1913 $1 Fruit Growing
Issue Date: January 3,1913
City: Washington, DC
Printed By: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Engraved
Color: Carmine rose
In 1912, the U.S. Postal Department introduced parcel post service for sending items weighing 16 ounces or more through the mail. The mail is divided into four classes, with parcel post making up the fourth class. Almost any type of merchandise can be mailed parcel post, including day – old chicks, baby alligators, and honeybees. Only items that could be dangerous to handle cannot be sent through Parcel Post. Rural Americans used the new mail class to access goods and merchandise they could not have gotten before, giving rise to mail order giants like Sears, Roebuck and Co. and Montgomery Ward and Co.
Twelve stamps with various denominations were issued in 1912-13 to prepay the fourth-class rate. Although different vignette designs were featured, all twelve stamps used the same border and color, which caused a great deal of confusion for postal workers.
The $1 Parcel Post Stamp
The four Parcel Post stamps with the highest denomination feature manufacturing and agriculture. This stamp features a large orange grove with workers on ladders. Its issue was delayed because it was redesigned. This stamp is the rarest of the series and was ranked #76 of the 100 Greatest American Stamps.
Because the colors were the same, the $1 stamp was sometimes confused with the 1¢ stamp. The Postmaster General authorized ordinary postage for use on parcel post less than a year after the parcel post stamps were first issued. These stamps were then made valid for all classes of mail and were used as regular postage until the supply was depleted.