Super collection of 806 mint and used stamps mounted on 31 album pages. Begins with #10 and #11. Includes scarce #55, the scarce 1902-03 black overprint, and many Complete Sets. Mostly never-hinged stamps. Also contains a few Airmail and Official stamps. An impressive addition to any collection.
In 870 A.D., Ingolfr Arnason, a Norwegian viking, sailed more than 600 miles from his homeland to a large, unsettled island just below the Arctic Circle. He established a farm and more settlers followed. During an extremely harsh winter, when coastal waters were choked with ice, the island was named Iceland. A second, perhaps more accurate name has been used for the island: The Land of Ice and Fire.
The site of ArnasonÕs first settlement grew to become Reykjavik, now the capital. More than half of IcelandÕs 271,003 people live there, and virtually all live on the southwest coast. The lowlands in this area are good for growing crops. The gulf stream and warm ocean currents keep temperatures relatively mild, so harbors are free of ice all year.
Most Icelanders dress like westerners. For holiday celebrations, traditional outfits of black cloth embroidered with gold are worn. There are no family names in Icelandic culture. Children are given a first name, but the second name is comprised of the fatherÕs first name with the addition of ÒsonÓ for boys and ÒdottirÓ for girls. This system creates so much repetition that a personÕs occupation is often listed after their name in the phone book for proper identification!
Icelanders enjoy a very high standard of living. Most buildings are heated by steam piped from nearby hot springs. Hydroelectric power comes from the glacier-fed rivers. This makes Iceland one of the few nations in the world with a power surplus. The export of fish products provides money for manufactured goods to be imported.
Despite its harsh appearance, Iceland provides its inhabitants with the necessities of life. The geological and environmental events that would otherwise seem destructive, have allowed Icelanders to flourish.