This Day in History… November 15, 1864

US #257 – Prior to the war, Sherman had served in the South and considered it a second home.

Sherman’s March to the Sea

After burning Atlanta, Union General William Tecumseh Sherman embarked on his month-long March to the Sea on November 15, 1864.

Following his capture of Atlanta on September 2, 1864, Major General William T. Sherman turned his sights to Savannah, an important port city for the Confederacy. Traveling away from his supply lines, Sherman’s forces would forage area plantations for provisions. He wanted more from this campaign than to capture Southern land – he hoped to destroy the Confederacy’s ability to continue the war.

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This Day in History… November 14, 1832

First Streetcar in America

US #2059-62 – The same man designed three of the four streetcars pictured on these stamps.

On November 14, 1832, the John Mason inaugurated the first streetcar service in America.

One man dominated the history of streetcars in America in the early days of their use.  John Stephenson developed the first streetcar to run on rails.  In general, he presided over the evolution of streetcars as public transportation.

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This Day in History… November 13, 1856

Birth of Louis Brandeis

US #4422c from the Supreme Court Justices issue.

Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis was born on November 13, 1856, in Louisville, Kentucky.

Brandeis grew up surrounded by books, music, and politics.  He was a serious student and graduated from high school at the age of 14.  He then left the country for a few years with his family and attended the Annenschule in Dresden, Saxony.

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This Day in History… November 12, 1954

Ellis Island Closes 

US #3182i from the Celebrate the Century: 1900s sheet.

On November 12, 1954, Ellis Island closed, after serving as America’s busiest immigration inspection station for over 60 years.

In 994 A.D., Native Americans began inhabiting what are now Liberty and Ellis Islands.  These islands were originally known as Oyster Islands, named for the many shell beds in the area.  Oysters were likely a major food source for the Native Americans during this time. When Europeans came to the Hudson River, disease and other factors forced the Native Americans to move north or west.

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This Day in History… November 11, 1918

Armistice Ends World War I Fighting 

US #5300 was issued earlier this year to honor the centennial of the war.

On the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month (November 11, 1918), the world’s warring nations agreed to cease fighting, bringing about the end of the Great War.

When the war first began in 1914, America resolved to stay out of it. Though America offered aid and supplies to the Allies, President Woodrow Wilson vowed to remain neutral. But as the war dragged on, German hostility toward America grew worse.

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This Day in History… November 10, 1775

Founding Of The U.S. Marine Corps 

US #1567 – The National Museum of the Marine Corps opened on this date in 2006 in Triangle, Virginia.

The forerunner of the United States Marines was established on November 10, 1775, in the midst of the American Revolutionary War.

The earliest American Marines served with the British in the 1730s. Some 3,000 American colonists were recruited to serve with Admiral Edward Vernon’s fleet for service off the coast of South America. When hostilities there ended, the Colonial Marines were disbanded. They were recalled to service several times in the ensuing years and by the start of the Revolutionary War, there were still some 4,500 Americans serving in the Colonial Marines.

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