Marshall Plan Comes to an End
On December 31, 1951, the Marshall Plan expired after providing aid to millions of people in Western Europe.
The devastation caused by World War II led to slow recovery in Europe. Trade was disrupted because most transportation routes had been destroyed. Millions of people lived in refugee camps and relied on foreign aid for basic necessities. Most European nations had no funds available for rebuilding. Confusion, disorder, and economic chaos had left many of these war-torn nations vulnerable to Communist take-over. The United States began an aid program to address these pressing issues.