‘General of the Army’ Rank Created for Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant became a household name and was considered a hero following his leadership during the Civil War. In recognition of this, Congress created an entirely new rank for him on July 25, 1866 – the four-star General of the Army of the United States.
Nothing in Grant’s early life predicted his eventual success. Grant’s father arranged a West Point appointment for his son, who did not want to be a soldier. But when the call for volunteers came at the start of the Civil War, Grant answered.
Grant impressed early on, capturing Fort Donelson and taking control of the Mississippi River during the Vicksburg Campaign. Further successes earned Grant command of the entire Union Army in 1863. In that role he worked closely with President Lincoln in developing a strategy to win the war. Continue reading