July 2015

This Day in History… July 19, 1848

First Women’s Rights Convention is Held in U.S. 

U.S. #959

Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott (pictured on this stamp) heralded the start of the women’s rights movement on July 19, 1848, when they hosted the first convention on the rights of women in the U.S.

The two had met years earlier when they were both refused admission to the World Anti-Slavery Convention because they were women. They sent out a call in a local newspaper that was answered by 200 women on July 19. Stanton shared her “Declaration of Sentiments and Grievances,” which was modeled after the Declaration of Independence, but also brought up the injustices women faced. Continue reading

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This Day in History… July 18, 1927

Ty Cobb Becomes First Member of the 4,000 Hit Club 

U.S. #3408d

July 18, 1927, was just another day on the field as far as Ty Cobb was concerned. Playing for the Philadelphia Athletics, he received a warm welcome from the fans of his former team, the Detroit Tigers.  Ty went on to get two hits in four at-bats. But for baseball fans, its an important day – the day Cobb got his 4,000th hit, a first in the sport’s history.

Other players had gotten over 3,000 hits before. But little attention was given to such statistics in those days. In fact, the game’s announcers and most newspapers didn’t even mention the feat. And the one paper that did mention his hit in the first inning called it a “fluke double,” as the ball bounced out of the right-fielder’s glove. Continue reading

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This Day in History… July 17, 1955

Disneyland Opens to Massive Crowd 

U.S. #1355

Renowned animator Walt Disney had long dreamed of opening an amusement park to share his bustling creativity with children and adults alike. His dream finally came true on July 17, 1955, with the opening of Disneyland – though the day didn’t go quite as he’d planned.

After a year of construction, and a $17 million investment, invitations went out to 6,000 studio employees, construction workers, sponsors, members of the press, and their families. However, counterfeit passes were made and over 28,000 people showed up, causing major traffic jams.

And that wasn’t the only problem. The larger crowd meant that vendors ran out of food and drinks. Some of the asphalt was still fresh and women’s high-heeled shoes got stuck. Continue reading

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This Day in History… July 16, 1941

Joltin’ Joe DiMaggio Sets 56-Game Hitting Streak 

U.S. #4697

On July 16, 1941, Joe DiMaggio entered the record books hitting in 56 straight games, a record that still stands today.

DiMaggio’s historic streak began on May 15 in a game against the Chicago White Sox. After hitting in about 20 consecutive games, newspapers took notice of the streak and DiMaggio was in the spotlight. His streak was nearly broken on June 24 when pitcher Bob Muncrief was ordered to walk him in his last at bat. Muncrief refused, and DiMaggio got a single. On July 2, DiMaggio surpassed Willie Keeler’s 1897 44-game hit record, vaulting himself into the record books. Continue reading

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This Day in History… July 15, 1975

Apollo-Soyuz Test Project Launches,
Marking End to the Space Race 

U.S. 1569-70

Launched on July 15, 1975, the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project was the first joint U.S.-Soviet space mission. It marked the end of the Apollo program and the beginning of the world’s two superpowers working together.

Both spacecraft launched from their respective countries on July 15 and docked together in orbit two days later. The American and Soviet astronauts conducted joint experiments, toured each other’s spacecraft, and shared meals. The crews exchanged flags and gifts before separating 44 hours after docking. Continue reading

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This Day in History… July 14, 1943

George Washington Carver National Monument Established 

U.S. #953

On July 14, 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt committed $30,000 toward a monument to botanist and inventor George Washington Carver. Though it would not be completed for a decade, it was the first national monument to honor an African American and non-president.

Born during the Civil War, Carver’s parents were slaves working for the Carver family in Missouri. When his parents died, the Carvers raised him as their own child. Carver was bright and went on to earn a Master’s in agriculture. He discovered new ways to plant seeds that would improve fertility of the soil. He also found new ways to use certain crops. Carver became known as the “Peanut Man” for his work with the plant, creating more than 300 different products from it. Continue reading

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