Sept. 2015

This Day in History… September 6, 1757

Birth of Marquis de Lafayette – “Hero of Two Worlds” 

U.S. #1010 – George Washington had such an impact on Lafayette that he named one of his children after him.

On September 6, 1757, Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier de Lafayette, better known as the Marquis de Lafayette was born in Chavaniac, in Haute Loire, France to a wealthy family.

Born into one of France’s oldest families, with ancestors who’d fought alongside Joan of Arc, Lafayette developed an early hunger for military glory. Orphaned at a young age, he became one of the richest people in France, but had no interest in court life.

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This Day in History… September 5, 1997

World Bids Farewell to Mother Teresa 

U.S. #4475 – Mother Teresa bought her sari (outfit) for just $1.

After decades of serving the poor in the harshest conditions, Mother Teresa passed away on September 5, 1997.

Mother Theresa was born Agnes Bojaxbiu in what is today Macedonia. When she was 18 years old, she left her home country in Southeastern Europe to join the Sisters of Loreto in Dublin, Ireland. This was her first journey to a distant land with customs and a language that were new to her.

In 1928, she took the name Sister Mary Teresa and began her service to others. She was sent to Calcutta, India, where she taught for many years, eventually becoming headmistress of St. Teresa’s School. She enjoyed the time she spent teaching but felt that she should be doing more. Mother Theresa believed she was “to give up even Loreto where I was very happy and to go out in the streets.” In order to answer her calling, this dedicated woman once again left the security of what she knew to travel to the unknown.

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This Day in History… September 4, 1886

Geronimo Surrenders, Ending Major Indian Wars 

U.S. #2869m

After nearly 30 years fighting the Americans and Mexicans that invaded his home, Geronimo surrendered on September 4, 1886.

Born in 1829, Geronimo was known to his Apache people as Goyaalé, or, “the one who yawns.” In the 1850s, a group of Mexican soldiers attacked his village while he was in a nearby town trading. Geronimo returned home to find his mother, wife, and children among those killed that day. From then on, Geronimo and his followers killed any Mexicans they crossed paths with out of revenge. Continue reading

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This Day in History… September 3, 1783

Treaty of Paris Ends Revolutionary War 

U.S. #2052

After more than eight years of fighting, the American Revolutionary War came to and end on September 3, 1783, with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

Two years earlier, the British suffered a disastrous defeat at Yorktown, leading to the surrender of Lord Cornwallis and capture of over 7,000 of his men. This loss dramatically lowered British support for the war, leading that nation’s Prime Minister to resign the following spring. That April, the House of Commons voted to end the war in America and agreed to enter into peace talks.

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This Day in History… September 2, 1789

U.S. Treasury Department Founded 

U.S. #O72 – This Official stamp would have been used by members of the Treasury to mail government documents.

In the wake of the American Revolution, Congress established the Treasury Department on September 2, 1789.

During the Revolutionary War, the new American government needed a way to pay for the mounting costs of battle. Congress first appointed a pair of Joint Continental Treasurers to manage finances. After declaring its independence in 1776, America became a sovereign nation that could secure loans from other countries. To oversee the influx of foreign and American money, Michael Hillegas was appointed Treasurer of the United States on May 14, 1777. He was followed by Robert Morris as Superintendent of Finance.

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This Day in History… September 1, 1985

The Titanic is Found 

M6346Titanic photomosaic made up of hundreds of tiny ocean-related pictures including coral reef, exotic marine life, waves, and even icebergs.

More than 70 years after one of the world’s most famous ships tragically sank, it was discovered largely intact on the ocean floor on September 1, 1985.

The sinking of the Titanic on April 15, 1912 was one of the worst – and most well-known – maritime disasters ever. More than 1,500 people lost their lives and new measures were taken to make future ships safer.

Over the years, many people wanted to raise the ship, but this was easier said than done. No one knew for sure where exactly the ship had sunk. The location of the distress signal turned out to be inaccurate and researchers’ calculations varied. In the early 1980s, Jack Grimm sponsored several missions to find the ship, but had no luck.

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