The Virginia City Pony Express
On August 11, 1862, Wells Fargo inaugurated its Virginia City Pony Express, which carried mail between Nevada mining towns and California business centers.
When California’s gold rush began in 1848, Vermonter Henry Wells and New York-native William Fargo, both partners in different express companies, realized the opportunities available to them in the West. In 1850, these two joined forces with John Warren Butterfield to establish the American Express Company (the same one now known for its credit card). When Wells and Fargo considered expanding to California, the company’s board declined. Instead, the two started their own business.