August 2020

This Day in History… August 19, 1871

Happy Birthday Orville Wright

US #C45 was issued for the 46th anniversary of the Wright Brothers’ first flight.

Aviator and inventor Orville Wright was born on August 19, 1871, in Dayton, Ohio.

Orville was one of seven children born to a bishop in the Church of the United Brethren in Christ.  Wilbur, with whom he’d build the first successful airplane, was four years older, born in April 1867.

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This Day in History… August 18, 1846

Kearny Expedition

US #944 pictures the raising of the American flag above the governor’s palace in Santa Fe, New Mexico, in August 1846.

On August 18, 1846, Stephen W. Kearny declared himself military governor of the New Mexico Territory.  He had captured Santa Fe without firing a shot, as part of the Kearny Expedition.

Stephen Watts Kearny was born in Newark, New Jersey, in 1794.  He served with the 13th Infantry Regiment during the War of 1812 and would spend much of the next 30 years on the frontier.

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This Day in History… August 17, 1859

First US Airmail by Balloon 

US #C54 was issued on the 100th anniversary of the flight in Lafayette.

On August 17, 1859, the first airmail in the United States was carried by balloon in Indiana, from Lafayette to Crawfordsville.

In the past, there had been other attempts to carry mail by balloon, but none were sanctioned by the Post Office Department.  This flight, arranged by John Wise, was in conjunction with the Lafayette postmaster Thomas Wood.  Wise was a professional balloonist who had made over 230 balloon flights and hoped to set a record for the longest balloon flight.

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This Day in History… August 16, 1937

National Apprenticeship Act

US #1201 was issued for the 25th anniversary of the act.

On August 16, 1937, President Franklin Roosevelt signed the National Apprenticeship Act into law.

Apprenticeships have played a large role in America’s history.  Apprentices learn important skills such as carpentry, masonry, shipbuilding, and more to contribute to our growing economy.  Some of America’s founding fathers got their starts as apprentices – George Washington apprenticed as a surveyor, Benjamin Franklin as a printer, and Paul Revere as a silversmith. 

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This Day in History… August 15, 1885

Birth of Edna Ferber 

US #3433 was issued to pay the 2002 first-class rate for letters weighing under 3 ounces.

Author Edna Ferber was born on August 15, 1885, in Kalamazoo, Michigan.

The daughter of a storekeeper, Ferber’s family moved to Chicago, Illinois, and Ottumwa, Iowa, before settling in Appleton, Wisconsin, when she was 12.  She would go on to graduate from high school there and briefly attend Lawrence University.

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This Day in History… August 14, 1941

Atlantic Charter

US #2559d – from the 1941: A World at War sheet

On August 14, 1941, Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill issued the Atlantic Charter, which defined their postwar goals for the world.

In reality, the charter was a statement more than a legal document.  It was the culmination of two years of communication between Roosevelt and Churchill.

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