July 2016

This Day in History… July 19, 1883

Happy Birthday Max Fleischer

Item #M11082 – Collection of Betty Boop stamps.

Item #M11082 – Collection of Betty Boop stamps.

Animator, inventor, and film director Max Fleischer was born in Kraków, Poland, on July 19, 1883.

Fleischer was the second of six children born to an immigrant tailor. The Fleischer family moved to Brooklyn, New York, in 1887. Fleischer attended the Mechanics and Trademan’s School and trained in commercial art at Cooper Union (the site of Abraham Lincoln’s famed 1860 Cooper Union Address). He then worked as an errand boy and later cartoonist at The Brooklyn Daily Eagle.

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This Day in History… July 18, 1899

Death of Horatio Alger 

U.S. #2010 pictures some of Alger’s “rags to riches” characters.

On July 18, 1899, “rags to riches” author Horatio Alger died.

Horatio Alger was born in Chelsea, Massachusetts, on January 13, 1832. Alger was the son of a Unitarian minister and his forefathers had settled Plymouth, attended the Constitutional Convention, and fought in the War of 1812.

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This Day in History… July 17, 1955

Disneyland Opens to Massive Crowd 

U.S. #1355 was designed by two Disney artists.

On July 17, 1955, Walt Disney realized one of his long-time dreams when he opened his Disneyland amusement park in Anaheim, California.

Renowned animator Walt Disney had long dreamed of opening an amusement park to share his bustling creativity with children and adults alike. Throughout the 1930s and 40s he visited a number of amusement parks with his daughters and began to plan what his own park could be like. Disney’s earliest known written plans for the park date to August 31, 1948, when he wrote about a proposed park called “Mickey Mouse Park” after visiting the Chicago Railroad Fair and Henry Ford’s Museum.

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This Day in History… July 16, 1945

First Successful Test of Atomic Bomb 

U.S. #1285 from the Prominent Americans series.

On July 16, 1945, members of America’s Manhattan Project held their first successful test of the atom bomb in Alamogordo, New Mexico.

The Manhattan Project’s (named for the city where the research began) roots stretch back to 1939, when it was revealed that German physicists had discovered how to split uranium atoms. Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi were scientists who’d escaped to America from Germany and Italy respectively.

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This Day in History… July 15, 1918

The Second Battle of the Marne

U.S. #2154 was based on a sketch by Captain Harvey Dunn of U.S. troops at the Second Battle of the Marne.

On July 15, 1918, the Germans launched the Second Battle of the Marne.

The First Battle of the Marne took place nearly four years earlier. German forces secured a string of victories in the first weeks of World War I. By autumn of 1914, most of the Allied forces on the Western Front had retreated back to a region near Paris. As they did, five German armies continued through Belgium on their way to France.

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This Day in History… July 14, 1789

Beginning of the French Revolution

U.S. #C120 – A 1989 joint-issue marking the 200th anniversary of the revolution.

On July 14, 1789, revolutionaries stormed the Bastille in Paris, marking the start of the decade-long French Revolution.

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