July 2017

This Day in History… July 25, 1746

Birth of Bernardo de Gálvez 

U.S. #1826 honors Gálvez and the Battle of Mobile.

Bernardo Vicente de Gálvez y Madrid, Viscount of Galveston and Count of Gálvez, was born on July 25, 1746, in Macharaviaya, Málaga, Spain.

After studying military sciences, Gálvez participated in the Spanish invasion of Portugal. He then traveled to Mexico where he fought the Apaches and was named commandant of arms of Nueva Vizcaya and Sonora.

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This Day in History… July 24, 1701

Founding of Detroit 

U.S. #1000 was issued on the 250th anniversary of Cadillac’s landing.

On July 24, 1701, French explorer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac established a fort on the site of what would become the city of Detroit.

During the late 1600s, Father Marquette, Louis Jolliet, Robert de La Salle, and many other French explorers explored Michigan, and mapped its lakes and rivers. By 1700, the French had built forts, missions, and trading posts in several locations in both the Upper and Lower peninsulas.

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This Day in History… July 23, 1793

Death of Roger Sherman 

U.S. #1693 pictures Sherman at the signing of the Declaration of Independence.

Roger Sherman, the only man in U.S. history to sign America’s four most important documents (the Articles of Association, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution) died on July 23, 1793.

Sherman was born on April 19, 1721, in Newton, Massachusetts. With few educational opportunities available to him, Sherman read every spare minute – and often had a book open at his work bench in his father’s shoe repair shop.

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This Day in History… July 22, 1893

America the Beautiful 

U.S. #1890 – Amber waves of grain flag stamp.

On July 22, 1893, Katharine Lee Bates wrote America the Beautiful.

In 1893, 33-year-old college professor Katharine Lee Bates traveled to Colorado to teach a short summer English course. Along the way, she stopped at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, where the alabaster “White City” moved her. And as she rode the train through America’s heartland she was awestruck by the expansive wheat fields.

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This Day in History… July 21, 1930

Creation of the Veterans Administration 

U.S. #1825 was issued on the 50th anniversary of the VA.

On July 21, 1930, President Hoover signed legislation forming the Veterans Administration, often called simply, the VA.

Since the time of the Revolutionary War, America’s government has sought to protect its veterans. In 1776, the Continental Congress tried to encourage enlistments by offering pensions to disabled soldiers. In the years after the war, states and communities provided their veterans with medical and hospital care.

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This Day in History… July 20, 1968

First International Special Olympics  

U.S. #3191i from the Celebrate the Century – 1990s sheet.

On July 20, 1968, Eunice Kennedy Shriver held the first International Special Olympic Games in Chicago, Illinois.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver, sister of President John F. Kennedy, was the founder of the Special Olympics. In 1962, she opened “Camp Shriver” in her backyard to provide children with intellectual disabilities a place to play. This turned into an annual event and led to the creation of similar camps across the nation.

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