July 2017

This Day in History… July 13, 1584

First of the Roanoke Voyages 

U.S. #2093 was issued on the 400th anniversary of the first Roanoke voyage.

On July 13, 1584, the first of three Roanoke voyages arrived in present-day North Carolina.

Sir Walter Raleigh, who had quickly earned the favor of Queen Elizabeth I, funded the voyages. On March 25, 1584, the queen issued Raleigh a royal charter to “discover, search, find out, and view such remote heathen and barbarous Lands, Countries, and territories … to have, hold, occupy, and enjoy” in exchange for one-fifth of all the gold and silver mined there. The charter also stated that Raleigh must established a settlement within seven years or lose the right to do so.

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This Day in History… July 12, 1922

First Stamp with Pre-Announced First Day of Issue

U.S. #E12 immediate delivery of a letter within one mile of any special delivery post office.

On July 12, 1922, the U.S. Post Office Department issued its first stamp with an announced first day of issue.

Prior to this event, the Post Office Department didn’t usually designate specific dates for the issue of new stamps. Only a few had a set first day of issue, and most of those were commemoratives. There were some first day covers as early as 1851, but they were not specifically prepared like the First Day Covers we know today.

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This Day in History… July 11, 1804

Burr–Hamilton Duel 

U.S. #143 – National Bank Note Printing with I or H Grill.

On July 11, 1804, former U.S. Secretary of the Treasury was mortally wounded in a duel with sitting Vice President Aaron Burr.

Long-time acquaintances during the fight for independence, Hamilton and Burr later became bitter political rivals. When a Burr supporter insulted Hamilton’s honor in 1801, his 19-year-old son Philip challenged the man to a duel. Philip Hamilton died of injuries he suffered during the duel, which was held in Weehawken, NJ. Three years later, Burr killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel in exactly the same location with the same pistol used to kill Hamilton’s son.

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This Day in History… July 10, 1943

Allied Invasion of Sicily 

U.S. #2765c from the 1943: Turning the Tide World War II sheet.

On July 10, 1943, the Allies launched their successful invasion of Sicily, dubbed Operation Husky.

The main wartime disagreement among the Big Three – Stalin, Churchill, and Roosevelt – concerned the Allied invasion of western Europe. Although it was agreed a second fighting front should be established in western Europe, Roosevelt and Churchill could not agree on when and where to invade.

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This Day in History… July 9, 1755

Battle of Braddock’s Field 

U.S. #688 – This Braddock’s Field stamp pictures a statue of Washington.

On July 9, 1755, George Washington distinguished himself as a leader at the Battle of Braddock’s Field, also known as the Battle of the Monongahela.

While in his early 20s, George Washington joined the Virginia colonial militia. One of his assignments was to build a road through the dense forests of Maryland to Pennsylvania, to set up an encampment, find water routes into the Ohio Valley, and await reinforcements. Following a skirmish with French troops that threatened to evolve into full-scale war, Washington and his men built a log stronghold named Fort Necessity.

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This Day in History… July 8, 1918

Ernest Hemingway Wounded in WWI 

U.S. #2418 – Hemingway was the seventh honoree in the Literary Arts Series.

On July 8, 1918, author Ernest Hemingway was wounded while serving with the Red Cross on the Italian Front in World War I.

Born in Oak Park, Illinois, Hemingway was working as a reporter for the Kansas City Star when the war began in 1914.   Before America entered the war he volunteered to join the Red Cross in France. By early July 1918, he found himself on the Italian front.

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