July 2019

This Day in History… July 13, 1890

Death of John C. Frémont

US #2869i – Frémont stamp from the famed Legends of the West sheet. Click image to order.

Explorer and soldier John C. Frémont died on July 13, 1890, in New York City.

Frémont was born on January 21, 1813 in Savannah, Georgia.  As a child, he was described as “precious, handsome, and daring.”  After his father died, when he was just five years old, a family friend helped to pay for his education.  Frémont attended Charleston College, but didn’t graduate despite his talent for math and natural sciences.

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This Day in History… July 12, 1917

Birth of Andrew Wyeth

US #5212c – One of Wyeth’s most famous paintings – Christina’s World.

Artist Andrew Wyeth was born on July 12, 1917, in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania.

Andrew Wyeth was the youngest of N.C. Wyeth and Carolyn Bockius Wyeth’s five children.  N.C. was an affectionate father and famous artist, encouraging each of his children to pursue their own talents.  Three, including Andrew, followed in N.C.’s footsteps and became artists.

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This Day in History… July 11, 1861

Birth of George W. Norris

US #1184 was issued on Norris’ 100th birthday. It pictures the Norris Dam, which was named in his honor for his role in the TVA. Click image to order.

Senator George W. Norris was born on July 11, 1861, in York Township, Sandusky County, Ohio. 

Norris was the 11th child born to poor, uneducated farmers.  He attended Baldwin University and went on to earn a law degree at Valparaiso University. 

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This Day in History… July 10, 1875

Happy Birthday, Mary McLeod Bethune

US #2137 was issued for the 50th anniversary of the National Council of Negro Women. Click image to order.

Educator and activist Mary Jane McLeod Bethune was born on July 10, 1875, in Mayesville, South Carolina.

Bethune was the 15th of 17 children born to former slaves.  She was curious from a young age and wanted to learn to read and write.  Bethune was the only child in her family to attend school, and she taught her siblings what she learned each day. 

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This Day in History… July 9, 1863

Siege of Port Hudson Ends

US #1197 pictures a steamboat on the Mississippi River. Click image to order.

On July 9, 1863, Confederate forces surrendered Port Hudson, ending a 48-day siege.

Henry Halleck, commander of all the Union Armies, told General Nathaniel Banks that President Lincoln “regards opening the Mississippi River as the first and most important of all our military and naval operations.”  By May of 1863, the Union Army had gained control of the Mississippi River, except between the fortified areas of Port Hudson, Louisiana, and Vicksburg, Mississippi.  As long as the South held that section of the river, the main Confederate supply line from the Western states, the Red River, remained open. 

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This Day in History… July 8, 1916

Acadia National Park

US #746 pictures the park’s rock formation, “Great Head.”

On July 8, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson created Sieur de Monts National Monument, which later became Acadia National Park.  The park is located on Maine’s Mount Desert Island, Isle Au Haut, on the Schoodic Peninsula.

The Wabanaki people were some of the first known residents of present-day Acadia, arriving as much as 5,000 years ago.  They called Mount Desert Island Pemetic, which means “range of mountains” or “the sloping land.”  With entire families in each canoe, they traveled there seasonally to hunt, fish, and collect the bountiful natural harvest.

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