July 2019

This Day in History… July 7, 1838

Railway Mail

US #2265 pictures a railroad mail car. Click image to order.

On July 7, 1838, Congress approved an act that declared all United States railroads as post roads.  This would lead to a dramatic increase in the use of railroads to deliver mail.

In the 1830s, businesses and individuals began to complain that mail delivery was too slow.  At the time, it was carried by horse and stagecoach. 

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This Day in History… July 6, 1747

Happy Birthday, John Paul Jones

US #1789 was issued on the 200th anniversary of Jones’ most famous battle.

Naval commander John Paul Jones was born John Paul on July 6, 1747, in Arbigland, Kirkcudbright, Scotland. 

Jones began his life at sea at the age of 13, apprenticing aboard a series of merchant and slave ships.  On a voyage in 1768, the captain and first mate of the ship he was on both died of yellow fever.  Jones successfully returned the ship to a safe port and was made the master of the ship and its crew.

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This Day in History… July 5, 1801

Happy Birthday David Farragut 

US #311 is one of the scarcest stamps from the Series of 1902-03. Click image to order.

David Glasgow Farragut was born in Campbell’s Station (now Farragut), Tennessee, on July 5, 1801.

Born to a veteran of the Continental Navy, Farragut’s first name was initially James.  After his mother died from yellow fever, Farragut’s father sent him to live with friends in 1808, whom he believed would provide better care.  So Farragut was raised by naval officer David Porter and was a foster brother to David Dixon Porter and William D. Porter.  In 1812, Farragut adopted David as his first name in honor of his foster father.

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This Day in History… July 4, 1872

Birth of Calvin Coolidge 

US #834 from the popular Prexies.  Click image to order.

John Calvin Coolidge Jr. was born on Independence Day, July 4, 1872.  He spent his early years in the New England town of Plymouth Notch, Vermont.

When Coolidge was 19, he enrolled in Amherst College in Massachusetts.  While there, an essay he submitted to a contest sponsored by the National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution won a gold medal.  In his senior year, Coolidge was chosen by his classmates to deliver the Grove Oration, a humorous speech given at graduation.

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This Day in History… July 3, 1775

Washington Takes Command Of the Continental Army

US #617 pictures Washington taking command of his troops at Cambridge on this day in 1775. Click image to order.

On July 3, 1775, George Washington took command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts.

As America fought its war for independence against the British, it was decided that a commander in chief was needed to lead the newly established Continental Army.  Several men were considered, including John Hancock. 

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This Day in History… July 2, 1964

Civil Rights Act of 1964

US #3937g pictures Dixie Café by Jacob Lawrence. Click image to order.

On July 2, 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act into law, fulfilling a goal set by his predecessor, John F. Kennedy.

Early on in his career, John F. Kennedy did not speak out frequently concerning civil rights.  However, his brief term in office came at a tumultuous time in US history, when the matter of civil rights became the defining issue of a generation.

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