June 2016

This Day in History… June 18, 1812

America Declares War on Great Britain 

U.S. #277 was often used on mail to Europe.

Just 29 years after gaining independence, the United States took on the greatest naval power in the world by declaring war on June 18, 1812, in what would become America’s “Second War of Independence.”

Great Britain was embroiled in a lengthy and bitter war with France as the 19th century dawned. Both countries blocked the United States from trading with the other, hoping to deprive their enemy of badly needed supplies.

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This Day in History… June 17, 1775

Battle of Bunker Hill 

U.S. #1034 pictures the Bunker Hill flag and monument.

On June 17, 1775, American colonists inflicted heavy British casualties in their loss at the Battle of Bunker Hill.

After the battles of Lexington and Concord, the American colonists sealed off access to Boston by land. Though the British Army still controlled the waterways, the officers were concerned the colonists would bombard the city from the surrounding hills. The British planned to attack the colonists to push them away from Boston.

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This Day in History… June 16, 1858

Lincoln Delivers House Divided Speech 

U.S. #108 – 1875 Lincoln issue similar to the 1866 mourning stamp.

On June 16, 1858, Abraham Lincoln delivered his famous House Divided Speech in Springfield, Illinois.

In June 1858, 49-year-old Abraham Lincoln was nominated as the Republican Party’s choice for United States Senator. Lincoln prepared a special speech for the occasion, one that would “rouse people to the peril of the times.” That speech became known as the House Divided Speech. Lincoln took the name, and most famous phrase, from the Bible (Mark 3:25).

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This Day in History… June 15, 1836

Arkansas Becomes 25th State 

U.S. #782 – Issued for Arkansas’ 100th anniversary, this stamp pictures the state’s first settlement, old statehouse, and capitol.

On June 15, 1836, Arkansas was admitted as the 25th state of the Union.

Indians had lived in Arkansas as early as 10,000 B.C. When the first European explorers arrived, they found three main tribes in the area: the Caddo, Osage, and Quapaw.

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This Day in History… June 14, 1777

Happy Flag Day! 

U.S. #1350 – Stars and Stripes stamp from the Historic Flags issue.

On June 14, 1777, Continental Congress adopted the Stars and Stripes as the flag of the United States.

The first national flag of the United States was created to represent America’s separation from the mother country. During the American Revolutionary War, George Washington designed and flew the Grand Union Flag.

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This Day in History… June 14, 1775

Continental Army Formed 

U.S. #1565 pictures the uniform of the Continental Army.

On June 14, 1775, the Second Continental Congress established the Continental Army, the precursor of the United States Army.

Prior to the American Revolutionary War, the colonies had their own militias composed of citizen-soldiers. And during larger threats, such as the French and Indian War (1754-63), they created temporary provincial regiments.

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