June 2017

This Day in History… June 6, 1955

U.S. Issues Its Only Certified Mail Stamp 

U.S. #FA1 – The Certified Mail stamp picturing a letter carrier.

On June 6, 1955, the U.S. Post Office issued its first and only Certified Mail Stamp, U.S. #FA1.

The U.S. first implemented a registered letter system on July 1, 1855. For the next 56 years, mailers could pay the registration fee, which ranged from five to twenty cents over these years, with cash or stamps.

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This Day in History… June 5, 1910

Death of O. Henry

U.S. #4705 – Henry was the 18th honoree in the Literary Arts series.

On June 5, 1910, American author O. Henry died in New York City.

The famed author was born William Sydney Porter on September 11, 1862, in Greensboro, North Carolina. He loved to read from an early age, with some of his favorites including One Thousand and One Nights and Anatomy of Melancholy.

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This Day in History… June 4, 1944

Allies Free Rome

U.S. #2838f from the “1944: Road to Victory” World War II sheet.

On June 4, 1944, Allied troops entered Rome, Italy, freeing it from German control.

Although Italy had surrendered on September 3, 1943, Germany was determined to fight for control of the Italian mainland. In a series of head-on assaults the Allies slowly battled their way up the Italian peninsula to Monte Cassino, 75 miles south of Rome. There, held at bay by General Kesselring’s German forces, Allied troops struggled to break through the Gustav (Winter) Line.

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This Day in History… June 3, 1888

“Casey at the Bat” 

U.S. #3083 from the 1996 Folk Heroes set.

On June 3, 1888, the now-famous poem “Casey at the Bat” was first published in the San Francisco Daily Examiner.

Ernest Lawrence Thayer wrote “Casey at the Bat.” Born in Lawrence, Massachusetts in 1863, Thayer earned a degree in philosophy from Harvard University before accepting a job offer from his friend, William Randolph Hearst, to work as the humor columnist for the Daily Examiner in 1886.

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This Day in History… June 2, 1886

Only Presidential White House Wedding 

U.S. #693 from the Series of 1926-31, which are considered some of the most perfect U.S. stamps.

On June 2, 1886, President Grover Cleveland married Frances Folsom in the White House, making him the only U.S. president to be married in the executive mansion.

Grover Cleveland was the second U.S. President to begin his administration as a bachelor. He would become the only one to begin his term as a single man and end it married. For the first fourteen months of his term, his sister Rose Elizabeth served as the official White House hostess.

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This Day in History… June 1, 1861

Confederate Postal Service Begins 

U.S. #CSA62X3 – New Orleans Postmaster’s Provisional stamp.

On June 1, 1861, the Confederate States of America took control of their own postal operations.

As North and South grew closer to war in early 1861, the Federal government continued postal service in the South for a limited time. However, U.S. post offices across the South held substantial stamp inventories and the Federal government feared they would be used or sold for profit. To this end, the U.S. government declared that all existing U.S. stamps would be demonetized (declared invalid) as of June 1, and U.S. postal operations in the South would cease on that day.

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