June 2018

This Day in History… June 18, 1983

First American Woman in Space 

Item #NW187 was issued on May 23, 2018, in San Diego.

On June 18, 1983, Sally Ride became the first American woman in space.  She was the third woman overall, after Soviet cosmonauts Valentina Tereshkova and Svetlana Savitskaya.

Sally Ride was born on May 26, 1951, in Encino, Los Angeles, California.  The older of two children, she was interested in science from a young age and was also a nationally ranked tennis player.

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This Day in History… June 17, 1844

Boyd’s City Express Post 

US #20L7 – A Boyd’s Express stamp from 1848.

On June 17, 1844, Boyd’s City Express Post, one of the first local posts in the US, opened in New York City.

John T. Boyd created the post and the initial office was located at 45 William Street, next to Wall Street, in downtown Manhattan.  When he first opened, Boyd offered two deliveries every day – one at 9 am and one at 3 pm, for 2¢ up to 26th street, 3¢ to Brooklyn, or for free if sending a letter to a newspaper.

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This Day in History… June 16, 1902

Birth of Barbara McClintock

US #3906 from the 2005 American Scientists issue.

Barbara McClintock was born Eleanor McClintock on June 16, 1902, in Hartford, Connecticut.

When McClintock was a child, her parents decided that her given name, Eleanor, was too feminine for her and renamed her Barbara instead.  The third of four children, she was an independent child from an early age.

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This Day in History… June 15, 1864

The Second Battle of Petersburg

US #4910 pictures members of the 22nd US Colors Troops during the assault on Petersburg.

On June 15, 1864, Ulysses S. Grant launched the siege of Petersburg.

In the spring of 1864, stinging from his failure to take the Confederate capital of Richmond, General Ulysses S. Grant set his sights on Petersburg. Just 23 miles south of Richmond, the city was a central rail hub essential to the Confederate war effort. If the Union took Petersburg it would cripple supply lines and choke the Confederate Army at Richmond. General Robert E. Lee would be forced to come out and fight in the open or flee the city.

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This Day in History… June 14, 1846

The Bear Flag Revolt

US #1663 from the 1976 State Flags sheet.

On June 14, 1846, California settlers staged the Bear Flag Revolt in rebellion against the Mexican government.

In 1822, California became a province of Mexico. The province was allowed to establish its own legislature and military force.  But when Mexico began sending governors to the province in 1825, Californians began to resent the outside influence.  Some citizens engaged Mexican troops in some minor conflicts.  This continued resistance weakened Mexico’s control of the area.

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This Day in History… June 13, 2002

Final Issue of the Classic Collection

US #3649 was issued on this day in 2002.

On June 13, 2002, the USPS issued the final sheet in the Classic Collection Series.

The series began six years earlier with the infamous Legends of the West sheet in 1994.  That sheet and the series that followed it actually developed out of plans to honor the centennial of Ellis Island!

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