March 2018

This Day in History… March 7, 1850

Birth of Thomas Masaryk 

US #1147 was issued on Masaryk’s 110th birthday.

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk was born on March 7, 1850, in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (present-day Czech Republic).

Masaryk was born into a poor, working-class family, but was able to attend grammar school and eventually the University of Vienna. In 1876, he graduated with a PhD, and by 1882 he was working as a professor of philosophy at Charles University of Prague.

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This Day in History… March 6, 1820

Missouri Compromise & Dred Scott Decision 

US #1426 was issued for the 150th anniversary of Missouri statehood.

On March 6, 1820, President James Monroe signed the Missouri Compromise into law.

Missouri first asked to be granted statehood in 1818. At that time, the country was becoming divided by the practice of slavery and its expansion into new territories. These disputes delayed Missouri’s statehood.

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This Day in History… March 5, 1853

Birth of Howard Pyle 

US #3502h pictures Pyle’s 1905 painting, An Attack on a Galleon.

Illustrator and author Howard Pyle was born on March 5, 1853, in Wilmington, Delaware.

Pyle had an interest in drawing and writing from a very young age. He attended private schools but had little interest in academics. Luckily, his parents encouraged his creativity and his desire to study art.

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This Day in History… March 4, 1789

Constitution Takes Effect 

US #2360 was issued for the 200th anniversary of the Constitution.

On March 4, 1789, the US Congress met for the first time under the terms of the recently ratified US Constitution.

In the spring of 1787, delegates from 12 of the 13 states (Rhode Island didn’t participate, as they opposed a national government) met at Independence Hall in Philadelphia to amend the Articles of Confederation. The Constitutional Convention opened on May 4.

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This Day in History… March 3, 1863

Newspaper & Periodical Stamps 

US #PR1 has the date of the Act of Congress on the bottom – March 3, 1863.

On March 3, 1863, an Act of Congress granted postal agents the ability to accept newspapers bundles, which would lead to the first US Newspaper and Periodical stamps two years later.

In the early days of the US Post Office, there was a rate of 1¢ per ounce on printed circular matter, making it expensive to mail newspapers and periodicals on a large scale. As a result, publishers turned to private express companies to deliver their printed material. But the Post Office wanted to get a share of the lucrative business.

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This Day in History… March 2, 1829

Birth of Carl Schurz 

US #1847 was issued in Watertown, Wisconsin.

Carl Christian Schurz was born on March 2, 1829, in Liblar, Prussia, Germany (present-day Erftstadt).

The son of a journalist and a schoolteacher, Schurz studied at the Jesuit Gymnasium of Cologne but had to leave early because of his family’s financial problems. He later finished school and went on to attend the University of Bonn.

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