November 2016

This Day in History… November 18, 1883

America Institutes First National Time Zones 

U.S. #3757 from the American Design Series.

U.S. #3757 from the American Design Series.

On November 18, 1883, U.S. and Canadian railroad companies jointly adopted five standard continental time zones.

Before the invention of clock, communities marked the time of day with apparent solar time, usually with a sundial. This meant the time could be slightly different in each settlement. With the advent of mechanical clocks, people still used the sun, but times could still differ by around 15 minutes.

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This Day in History… November 17, 1904

Birth of Artist Isamu Noguchi

U.S. #3857-61 was issued for Noguchi’s 100th birthday.

U.S. #3857-61 was issued for Noguchi’s 100th birthday.

On November 17, 1904, Isamu Noguchi was born in Los Angeles, California.

Noguchi was the son of Japanese poet Yone Noguchi and American writer Leonie Gilmour. In 1907, he and his mother moved to Tokyo, where he was given the name Isamu, which means courage.

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This Day in History… November 16, 1907

Oklahoma Becomes 46th State

U.S. #1092 – “Arrows to Atoms” reflects Oklahoma’s evolution from the frontier days to the atomic age.

U.S. #1092 – “Arrows to Atoms” reflects Oklahoma’s evolution from the frontier days to the atomic age.

On November 16, 1907, Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory were merged to create the state of Oklahoma.

Arapaho, Caddo, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, Osage, Pawnee, and Wichita Indians lived in the Oklahoma region before Europeans came to the area. These people followed the gigantic herds of buffalo that roamed the grasslands.

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This Day in History… November 15, 1777

Continental Congress Approve Articles of Confederation

U.S. #1726 was issued for the 200th anniversary of the drafting of the Articles of Confederation.

U.S. #1726 was issued for the 200th anniversary of the drafting of the Articles of Confederation.

On November 15, 1777, the Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation after 16 months of debate.

One of the earliest attempts to encourage cooperation and unity among the colonies was the 1754 Albany Congress. Also known as the Conference of Albany, it was the first time representatives from different colonies came together to discuss common concerns.

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This Day in History… November 14, 1889

Nellie Bly Begins Record-Setting Trip Around the Globe 

U.S. #3665 was part of a 2002 issue honoring pioneering female journalists.

U.S. #3665 was part of a 2002 issue honoring pioneering female journalists.

On November 14, 1889, Nellie Bly embarked on a trip around the globe, inspired by Jules Verne’s Around the World in Eighty Days.

Bly was born Elizabeth Jane Cochran on May 5, 1864, in Cochran’s Mills, Pennsylvania. When she was a teenager, Bly read an offensive article in the Pittsburgh Dispatch titled, “What Girls are Good For.” She was so upset she wrote an angry response to the editor under the name, “Lonely Orphan Girl.” The editor was so impressed he ran an advertisement asking her to reveal herself and ultimately offered her a full-time job. It was at this time that she adopted the pen name Nellie Bly, after the character in a Stephen Foster song.

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This Day in History… November 13, 1982

Dedication of Vietnam Veterans Memorial

U.S. #2109 was issued two years after the memorial’s dedication.

U.S. #2109 was issued two years after the memorial’s dedication.

On November 13, 1982, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was officially dedicated in Washington, D.C.

In the 1950s, Vietnam was divided along the 17th parallel, into communist North and anti-communist South Vietnam. Following the assassination of the president of South Vietnam, a period of political instability began, while military generals fought for control of the government.

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Posted in November 2016, This Day in History | 8 Comments