November 2016

This Day in History… November 12, 1866

Birth of Chinese Revolutionary Sun Yat-Sen

U.S. #906 pictures Sun Yat-Sen and President Lincoln.

U.S. #906 pictures Sun Yat-Sen and President Lincoln.

Sun Yat-Sen was born on November 12, 1866, in Xiangshan County, Guangdong, China. He was known by a number of names during his life – Sun Wen, Sun Deming, and Sūn Zhōngshān, but he is most famously known by the name he used at school in Hong Kong, Sun Yat-Sen.

Sun attended school in China until he was 13, at which point he went to live with his older brother in Honolulu, Hawaii. There he attended the ‘Iolani School and studied English, British history, math, science, and Christianity. He reportedly learned English so quickly he received a special prize for outstanding achievement from King David Kalākaua.

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This Day in History… November 11, 1889

Washington Becomes 42nd State 

U.S. #2404 pictures Washington’s Mount Rainier.

U.S. #2404 pictures Washington’s Mount Rainier.

On November 11, 1889, Washington was admitted to the Union.

Before the arrival of Europeans, a large number of American Indians lived in what would become the state of Washington. The Cayuse, Colville, Nez Percé, Okanogan, Spokane, and Yakima tribes lived on the plains and in river valleys. The Chinook, Clallam, Clatsop, Nisqually, Nooksack, and Puyallup lived along the coast, west of the Cascade Mountains.

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This Day in History… November 10, 1919

U.S. #1369 was issued for the 50th anniversary of the American Legion.

U.S. #1369 was issued for the 50th anniversary of the American Legion.

First Convention of the American Legion 

On November 10, 1919, the American Legion held its first convention in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Following the Civil War in the mid-1800s, former soldiers began creating their own organizations. Union soldiers created the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) while Southern soldiers created the United Confederate Veterans (UCV). After the Spanish-American War, another military-based group was formed, the American Veterans of Foreign Service (which we know today as the Veterans of Foreign Wars or VFW).

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This Day in History… November 9, 1906

U.S. #602 – During the visit, Roosevelt was photographed operating a large steam shovel, which helped boost morale.

Roosevelt Takes First Presidential Trip Outside U.S.

On November 9, 1906, Theodore Roosevelt visited the Panama Canal Zone, marking the first time a sitting U.S. President visited another country.

Proposals for a canal across Nicaragua or Panama began as early as 1889. United States public opinion of the canal was generally unfavorable until 1898, when an explosion aboard the Maine sank the battleship at a Cuban naval base.

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This Day in History… November 8, 1889

Montana Becomes 41st State

U.S. #2401 features a painting by famed cowboy artist C.M. Russell.

U.S. #2401 features a painting by famed cowboy artist C.M. Russell.

On November 8, 1889, Montana was admitted to the Union.

The many Indian tribes living in Montana before the arrival of Europeans could be separated into two groups, those who lived on the Plains and those who lived in the mountains. Plains Indian tribes included the Arapaho, Assiniboine, Atsina, Blackfeet, Cheyenne, and Crow. Mountain-dwelling tribes included the Bannock, Flathead, Kalispel, Kutenai, and Shoshone tribes. The Sioux, Mandan, and Nez Perce hunted in the Montana region, but usually lived elsewhere.

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This Day in History… November 7, 1811

Battle of Tippecanoe 

U.S. #814 from the Presidential Series.

U.S. #814 from the Presidential Series.

On November 7, 1811, future president William Henry Harrison clashed with Tecumseh’s warriors at the Battle of Tippecanoe, a precursor to the War of 1812.

Harrison (1773-1841) was familiar with life in the Northwest Territory, now part of America’s Midwest. He first traveled to the frontier west of the Mississippi while serving in the Army during the Northwest Indian War.

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