November 2018

This Day in History… November 30, 1874

Birth Of Winston Churchill 

US #1264 was issued in Fulton, Missouri, where Churchill delivered his famous “Iron Curtain” speech in 1946.

On November 30, 1874, future British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was born in Woodstock, England.

Churchill was born to an aristocratic British family, the son of a New York socialite who married an English lord. He was descended from the Dukes of Marlborough, a branch of the Spencer family (of which Princess Diana was also a member). He spent part of his childhood in Dublin, Ireland, before attending school.

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This Day in History… November 29, 1944

Honorable Discharge 

US #940 honors all those who served in WWII and pictures the Honorable Discharge emblem.

On November 29, 1944, the War Department officially adopted the honorable discharge emblem.

Some of the earliest plans for a multi-service honorable discharge patch originated in 1919 following World War I.  The purpose was to allow honorably discharged individuals to wear their uniforms for a period of time after leaving the service if they couldn’t afford civilian clothes.

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This Day in History… November 28, 1954

Death of Enrico Fermi 

US #3533 was issued on Fermi’s 100th birthday.

On November 28, 1954, Nobel physicist Enrico Fermi died in Chicago, Illinois.

Born in Rome, Italy, on September 29, 1901, Enrico Fermi had a strong understanding and joy for mathematics and physics from an early age.  By 1918, he earned a fellowship of the Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa.  He graduated in 1922 with a doctor’s degree in physics.

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This Day in History… November 27, 1950

Battle of Chosin Reservoir 

US #2152 was based on a photo of US troops retreating from Chosin Reservoir.

On November 27, 1950, the Korean War Battle of Chosin Reservoir began, a fighting withdrawal in the bitter cold.

By November 1950, the United Nations forces had driven the North Korean army back into its own territory.  The Yalu River, the northern border of the peninsula was within reach and many believed the war would be over by Christmas.  American and UN commanders didn’t realize Chinese forces were massing along the border and would soon change the course of the war.

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This Day in History… November 26, 1883

Death of Sojourner Truth 

US #2203 – Truth was honored on the ninth stamp in the Black Heritage series.

Abolitionist and women’s rights activist Sojourner Truth died on November 26, 1883, in Battle Creek, Michigan.

Sojourner Truth was born Isabella Baumfree in Swartekill, New York in 1797.  She was born to slaves at a time when slavery was still legal in New York.  When she was nine, Truth was sold with a flock of sheep for $100.

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This Day in History… November 25, 1863

Battle of Chattanooga

Antigua #2538q pictures a scene from the Battle of Chattanooga.

On November 25, 1863, General Ulysses S. Grant broke the Confederate siege of Chattanooga.

The city of Chattanooga, Tennessee, was a vital rail hub and a manufacturing center for iron.  During the Chickamauga Campaign, which began in August 1863, the Union Army of the Cumberland had forced the Army of Tennessee to leave Chattanooga and move into Georgia.

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