November 2019

This Day in History… November 30, 1924

Birth of Shirley Chisholm

US #4856 – Chisholm was the 37th honoree in the Black Heritage Series.

Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm was born November 30, 1924, in New York City, New York.

Born in Brooklyn, Chisholm was the daughter of Caribbean immigrants.  Her mother struggled to raise her four children and work, so she sent them to live with her mother in Barbados.  Chisholm spent five years there and attended a one-room schoolhouse that provided her with a good, serious education. 

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This Day in History… November 29, 1777

California’s First Civilian Settlement 

US #1725 was issued for the 200th anniversary of San Jose.  Click the image to order.

On November 29, 1777, the first non-military settlement in California was established as El Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe in Alta, California.

Before the arrival of Europeans, the Ohlone Native American tribes lived in the area of present-day San Jose.  The first permanent European settlements then came in 1770 when Gaspar de Portolà and Junípero Serra founded the Presidio of Monterey and the Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo.

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This Day in History… November 28, 1895

America’s First Automobile Race 

U.S. #2262 from the Transportation Series.

US #2262 from the Transportation Series.

On November 28, 1895, the Chicago Times-Herald Race was held between six cars.

Months earlier, on July 10, 1895, the Chicago Times-Herald first announced that they would hold a race through the city.  Prizes totaling $5,000 (approximately $153,000 in 2019) were up for grabs.  The paper had planned the race as a way to accelerate the still-young automotive industry in America.  America’s first automobiles were produced just two years earlier, and the paper wasn’t even sure what to call them.  They ultimately decided on “Moto-Cycle.”

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This Day in History… November 27, 1945

Founding of CARE 

US #1439 was issued for the 25th anniversary of the first CARE packages. Click the image to order.

On November 27, 1945, Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe (CARE) was formed.

After World War II ended in August 1945, Congress and the American public called for President Harry Truman to allow private organizations to offer relief services to people in Europe that were starving or suffering after the war.  Truman agreed and CARE was officially founded on November 27.

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This Day in History… November 26, 1789 and 1863

Washington & Lincoln’s Thanksgiving Celebrations

US #3546 from the Holiday Celebrations Series.  Click the image to order.

On November 26, 1789, the nation celebrated Thanksgiving for the first time under a presidential proclamation.  Decades later, President Lincoln issued a similar proclamation that made the holiday permanent.

Though colonists had held harvest celebrations of thanks since the 1600s, it wasn’t an official holiday celebrated everywhere at the same time.  Rather, it was celebrated in different places, at different times, and for different reasons. 

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This Day in History… November 25, 1914

Happy Birthday, Joe DiMaggio

US #4697 from the 2012 Baseball All-Stars Issue. Click the image to order.

Joseph Paul DiMaggio was born on November 25, 1914, in Martinez, California.

The sixth of seven children born to Italian immigrants, DiMaggio was named after his father’s favorite saint, St. Paul.  DiMaggio’s father, as well as several generations of his family, were all fishermen, and his father hoped all of his sons would follow suit.  However, DiMaggio hated the work and the smell of fish and worked odd jobs instead.

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