October 2016

This Day in History… October 31, 1864

Nevada Becomes 36th State

U.S. #999 was issued for the 100th anniversary of Nevada’s first settlement, Carson Valley.

U.S. #999 was issued for the 100th anniversary of Nevada’s first settlement, Carson Valley.

On October 31, 1864, Abraham Lincoln admitted Nevada to the Union to aid in the Civil War.

American Indians may have lived in the Nevada region more than 20,000 years ago, making this area home to some of the earliest Indians in the United States. In southern Nevada, Indians left picture writing on rocks that date back thousands of years. Nevada tribes include the Pueblo, Mohave, Paiute, Shoshone, and Washoe.

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This Day in History… October 30, 1735

Happy Birthday John Adams! 

U.S. #806 from the popular presidential series.

U.S. #806 from the popular presidential series.

John Adams was born in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts, on October 30, 1735.

In his youth, Adams was a bright yet indifferent student who preferred the outdoors to a classroom. At the age of 15, Adams entered Harvard College and graduated in 1755. He taught school for a few years and practiced law. In 1764, Adams married Abigail Smith. The couple had four children who survived infancy.

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This Day in History… October 29, 1929

Black Tuesday Stock Market Crash 

U.S. #3184o from the Celebrate the Century series.

U.S. #3184o from the Celebrate the Century series.

On October 29, 1929, the worst stock market crash in history occurred, marking the start of the decade-long Great Depression.

The early 1920s was a time of great economic prosperity for America. Industry was booming, and Americans wanted to be a part of this economic surge. To accomplish this, they bought common stock on the open market, often borrowing money to do so.

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This Day in History… October 28, 1776

Battle of White Plains 

U.S. #629 pictures Hamilton’s battery at White Plains.

U.S. #629 pictures Hamilton’s battery at White Plains.

On October 28, 1776, George Washington led the 14,000–man Continental Army in the Battle of White Plains against British General William Howe’s 20,000 redcoats.

After evacuating Boston in March 1776, the British regrouped in Nova Scotia and began planning a new campaign to take over New York City. General Howe hoped to use New York to cut off New England from the rest of the colonies. That August the British landed on Long Island and defeated Washington’s troops at the Battle of Brooklyn (also known as the Battle of Long Island).

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This Day in History… October 27, 1858

Happy Birthday Teddy Roosevelt 

U.S. #557 was issued on Roosevelt’s 64th birthday.

U.S. #557 was issued on Roosevelt’s 64th birthday.

Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt was born October 27, 1858, in New York City, the second of four children.

Roosevelt suffered from asthma and other sicknesses throughout his childhood. But he was often active and mischievous, taking great joy in activities outdoors. Roosevelt had a photographic memory and excelled in geography, history, biology, French, and German.

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This Day in History… October 26, 1881

Shootout at the OK Corral 

U.S. #2869j from the Legends of the West sheet.

U.S. #2869j Wyatt Earp from the Legends of the West sheet.

On October 26, 1881, the Earp brothers took on the Clanton-McLaury Gang at the OK Corral in Tombstone, Arizona.

Tombstone had become one of the richest mining towns in the Southwest after silver was discovered nearby in 1877. Two years later, Wyatt Earp, a former Kansas police officer, and his brothers Morgan and Virgil moved to Tombstone to join in the silver boom and work as lawmen. Wyatt found a job as a bank security guard while Virgil became the town marshal.

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Posted in October 2016, This Day in History | 5 Comments