October 2017

This Day in History… October 19, 1929

Ohio River Canalization Stamp 

U.S. #681 – Click the image for more conditions, covers, and to order for your collection.

On October 19, 1929, the U.S. Post Office issued a 2¢ commemorative honoring the canalization of the Ohio River.

The 981-mile long Ohio River stretches from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to Cairo, Illinois, where it empties into the Mississippi River. It carries the most water by volume of all the Mississippi River tributaries. However, areas of the river became too shallow during the dry parts of the year, preventing steamboats from traveling the entire length.

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This Day in History… October 18, 1994

Legends of the West Controversy

U.S. #2869 – The corrected sheet picturing Bill Pickett.

On October 18, 1994, the USPS issued this corrected Legends of the West stamp sheet after it was discovered they had made an error in their original design.

In January 1994 the Postal Service announced it was creating a set of 20 stamps titled “Legends of the West,” featuring “broadly defined, American-themed subjects.” Sixteen of the 20 stamps honored people associated with the exploration, settlement and development of the American West.

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This Day in History… October 17, 1979

Carter Establishes Department of Education 

U.S. #1833 was issued to honor the creation of the Department of Education.

On October 17, 1979, U.S. President Jimmy Carter signed legislation establishing the U.S. Department of Education.

The history of the department dates back to over 100 years earlier, when Congressman Justin Morrill introduced a bill for the creation of public land grants for state colleges. His bill went largely ignored for several years, until President Lincoln’s administration took it under consideration, but first wanted to collect information on the schools already in existence and already being built.

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This Day in History… October 16, 1926

2nd U.S. International Philatelic Exhibition

U.S. #630 – America’s first souvenir sheet.

On October 16, 1926, the U.S. hosted its second international philatelic exhibition in New York, New York.

America hosted its first exhibition 13 years earlier, also in New York City, in 1913. The Post Office Department hadn’t yet created a division to cater directly to stamp collectors, so there were no U.S. stamps issued to commemorate the event.

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This Day in History… October 15, 1817

Death of General Thaddeus Kosciuszko 

U.S. #734 – was issued on the 150th anniversary of Kosciuszko’s American citizenship.

On October 15, 1817, Polish-Lithuanian General Thaddeus Kosciuszko died in Solothurn, Switzerland.

Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko was born in early February 1746 (sources generally say February 4 or 12), near Kosów, Lithuania (present-day Kosava, Belarus). The youngest son of a Polish-Lithuanian army officer, Kosciuszko came from a family with noble ancestry.

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This Day in History… October 14, 1964

Martin Luther King Jr. Awarded Nobel Prize 

U.S. #1771 – King was the second honoree in the Black Heritage series.

On October 14, 1964, Martin Luther King Jr. became the youngest person ever nominated to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

Born in Atlanta, Georgia, Martin Luther King Jr. was one of the most influential leaders of the Civil Rights movement. He protested Montgomery, Alabama’s segregated bus system, participated on the March on Washington and the March to Selma, and preached nonviolent civil disobedience. King was also a dynamic and eloquent speaker, which helped him to win the support of millions of Americans from all backgrounds.

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