October 2019

This Day in History… November 5, 1852

American Society of Civil Engineers

US #1012 was issued for the ASCE’s 100th anniversary.  Click the image to order.

On November 5, 1852, the American Society of Civil Engineers was founded in New York City.

Civil engineers are responsible for the design, construction, and maintenance of dams, bridges, roads, canals, and railroads.  Some of the first calls for a professional society of civil engineers came in 1828 when John Kilbourn created his short-lived Civil Engineering Journal.  Inspired by Great Britain’s Institution of Civil Engineers, he suggested the US create its own organization. 

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This Day in History… October 31, 1941

Mount Rushmore is Complete

US #2523 pictures the flag over Mount Rushmore. Click the image to order.

On October 31, 1941, work on Mount Rushmore was completed 14 years after it began.

In 1923, historian Doane Robinson recognized the amount of tourism sites like Yellowstone and Yosemite National Parks generated for their respective states.  He then came up with the idea to sculpt a mountain to promote tourism in South Dakota.  Robinson’s initial vision was to honor heroes of the American West such as George Armstrong Custer, Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, and the Sioux Chief Red Cloud.

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This Day in History… October 30, 1938

War of the Worlds Broadcast 

US #3186o pictures Welles’ famed Citizen Kane. Click the image to order.

On October 30, 1938, Orson Welles created a panic with his War of the Worlds broadcast, which some listeners believed was a real news story.

The now legendary broadcast was based on British author H.G. Wells’ 1898 novel of the same name.  The broadcast was part of the program Mercury Theatre on the Air, an hour-long radio drama show that presented literary works.

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This Day in History… October 29, 1929

Black Tuesday Stock Market Crash 

U.S. #3184o from the Celebrate the Century series.

US #3184o from the Celebrate the Century series.  Click the image to order.

On October 29, 1929, the worst stock market crash in history occurred, marking the start of the decade-long Great Depression.

The early 1920s was a time of great economic prosperity for America.  Industry was booming, and Americans wanted to be a part of this economic surge.  To accomplish this, they bought common stock on the open market, often borrowing money to do so.

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This Day in History… October 28, 1914

Birth of Dr. Jonas Salk

US #3428 from the Distinguished Americans Series. Click the image to order.

Jonas Edward Salk was born on October 28, 1914, in New York, New York.

Salk attended the Townsend Harris High School for gifted students and had a reputation for being a perfectionist.  He would also read anything he could get his hands on. 

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This Day in History… October 27, 1863

First Major Sanitary Fair

US #WV1 was issued for a fair in Albany in 1864. Click the image to order.

On October 27, 1863, the first major Sanitary Fair was held to raise money during the Civil War.

With the outbreak of fighting in the Civil War, women left at home wanted to contribute.  Perhaps one of the earliest meetings of women to discuss their contribution was held on April 25, 1861, in New York City.  This led to the creation of the Women’s Central Association of Relief.

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