This Day in History

This Day in History… June 20, 1819

SS Savannah Crosses the Atlantic

US #923 was issued on the 125th anniversary of the  Savannah’s voyage.

On June 20, 1819, the SS Savannah became the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean.

The Savannah was original developed as a sailing packet at the New York shipyard of Fickett & Crockett in 1818.  While the ship was still being constructed, Captain Moses Rogers convinced a prosperous shipping firm from Savannah, Georgia, to purchase the ship, convert it to a steamship, and gain the attention and a place in history as the first transatlantic steamship service.

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This Day in History… June 19, 1910

Father’s Day

US #2270 from the 1987 Special Occasions issue.

On June 19, 1910, one of the first Father’s Day celebrations was held at the YMCA in Spokane, Washington.

Another of the first recorded US Father’s Day celebrations was held on July 5, 1908, in Fairmont, West Virginia.  Grace Golden Clayton organized that event.

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This Day in History… June 18, 1983

First American Woman in Space 

Item #NW187 was issued on May 23, 2018, in San Diego.

On June 18, 1983, Sally Ride became the first American woman in space.  She was the third woman overall, after Soviet cosmonauts Valentina Tereshkova and Svetlana Savitskaya.

Sally Ride was born on May 26, 1951, in Encino, Los Angeles, California.  The older of two children, she was interested in science from a young age and was also a nationally ranked tennis player.

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This Day in History… June 17, 1844

Boyd’s City Express Post 

US #20L7 – A Boyd’s Express stamp from 1848.

On June 17, 1844, Boyd’s City Express Post, one of the first local posts in the US, opened in New York City.

John T. Boyd created the post and the initial office was located at 45 William Street, next to Wall Street, in downtown Manhattan.  When he first opened, Boyd offered two deliveries every day – one at 9 am and one at 3 pm, for 2¢ up to 26th street, 3¢ to Brooklyn, or for free if sending a letter to a newspaper.

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This Day in History… June 16, 1902

Birth of Barbara McClintock

US #3906 from the 2005 American Scientists issue.

Barbara McClintock was born Eleanor McClintock on June 16, 1902, in Hartford, Connecticut.

When McClintock was a child, her parents decided that her given name, Eleanor, was too feminine for her and renamed her Barbara instead.  The third of four children, she was an independent child from an early age.

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This Day in History… June 15, 1864

The Second Battle of Petersburg

US #4910 pictures members of the 22nd US Colors Troops during the assault on Petersburg.

On June 15, 1864, Ulysses S. Grant launched the siege of Petersburg.

In the spring of 1864, stinging from his failure to take the Confederate capital of Richmond, General Ulysses S. Grant set his sights on Petersburg. Just 23 miles south of Richmond, the city was a central rail hub essential to the Confederate war effort. If the Union took Petersburg it would cripple supply lines and choke the Confederate Army at Richmond. General Robert E. Lee would be forced to come out and fight in the open or flee the city.

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