This Day in History

This Day in History… November 10, 1775

Founding Of The U.S. Marine Corps 

US #1567 – The National Museum of the Marine Corps opened on this date in 2006 in Triangle, Virginia.

The forerunner of the United States Marines was established on November 10, 1775, in the midst of the American Revolutionary War.

The earliest American Marines served with the British in the 1730s. Some 3,000 American colonists were recruited to serve with Admiral Edward Vernon’s fleet for service off the coast of South America. When hostilities there ended, the Colonial Marines were disbanded. They were recalled to service several times in the ensuing years and by the start of the Revolutionary War, there were still some 4,500 Americans serving in the Colonial Marines.

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This Day in History… November 9, 1731

Birth of Benjamin Banneker 

US #1804 – Banneker was the third honoree in the Black Heritage Series.

Benjamin Banneker was born on November 9, 1731, in Baltimore County, Maryland.

Banneker was the son of freed slaves and received little formal education as a child.  He was mostly self-taught and what little education he had ended when he was old enough to work on the family farm.

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This Day in History… November 8, 1861

The Trent Affair 

US #4522-23 – The first stamps in the Civil War Sesquicentennial Series.

On November 8, 1861, the Trent Affair began an international incident that nearly sparked a war between the US and Great Britain during the Civil War.

As America moved toward war in early 1861, the North and South both considered what role the British might play in a potential future conflict.  Britain depended on Southern cotton, so the South believed that would aid them in earning diplomatic recognition.  However, the Union saw the conflict as an internal issue that the British should stay away from.

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This Day in History… November 7, 1848

Fort Bliss 

US #976 was issued for the 100th anniversary of Fort Bliss.

On November 7, 1848, the War Department established a post on the Rio Grande that would later come to be known as Fort Bliss.

General Zachary Taylor established a military camp at the Rio Grande to protect American interests in the territory also claimed by Mexico.  This helped provoke the Mexican-American War, in which Taylor was a key commander.

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This Day in History… November 6, 1861

Birth of James Naismith 

US #1189 was issued for Naismith’s 100th birthday.

Basketball inventor James Naismith was born on November 6, 1861, in Almonte, Ontario, Canada.

Naismith struggled in school but enjoyed spending time outside, playing catch, hide-and-seek, and other games.  He was orphaned at a young age and was raised by his aunt and uncle.

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This Day in History… November 5, 1639

America’s First Postmaster 

US #682 was issued for the 300th anniversary of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

On November 5, 1639, Richard Fairbanks was made the first official postmaster in an American colony.

In the early days of the colonies, many citizens attempted to keep in touch with people from their mother countries.  When they sent letters to Europe, they could trust that their mail would be handled respectfully, passing through those countries’ respective postal systems.

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