This Day in History

This Day in History… July 14, 1932

International Peace Garden

US #2014 was issued for the garden’s 50th anniversary in 1982.

On July 14, 1932, the International Peace Garden was dedicated, representing the peaceful relationship between the United States and Canada.

Dr. Henry Moore was a member of Canada’s National Association of Gardeners and attended meetings in both Canada and the US.  He sought a way to honor the long, peaceful relationship between the two nations.  Moore proposed the idea for a place “where the people of the two countries could share the glories found in a lovely garden and the pleasures found in warm friendships.”

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This Day in History… July 13, 1886

Father Flanagan 

US #2171 was issued for Flanagan’s 100th birthday.

Monsignor Edward Joseph Flanagan was born on July 13, 1886, in Leabeg, Ireland.

After attending Summerhill College in Ireland, Flanagan moved to the United States in 1904.  He then attended Mount St. Mary’s University in Maryland, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts and a Master of Arts degree in 1908.

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This Day in History… July 12, 1854

Birth of George Eastman

US #1062 was issued on Eastman’s 100th birthday.

Entrepreneur George Eastman was born on July 12, 1854, in Waterville, New York.

Eastman’s family ran a farm in Waterville until 1860 when they moved to Rochester, where his father had started a business school.  Eastman began attending a private school when he was eight.  After his father died, his mother took in boarders to pay for him to continue his education.

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This Day in History… July 11, 1996

Folk Heroes Stamps

US #3083-86 were issued on this day in 1996.

On July 11, 1996, the USPS issued a set of four stamps honoring American Folk Heroes.

The stamps featured paintings by artist David LaFleur, who had previously painted the “Flag Over Porch” stamps.  LaFleur’s portraits of the folk heroes were a combination of cartoon and poster art.  As he described them, “They are very macho – that’s the way I see them.”

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This Day in History… July 10, 1856

Birth of Nikola Tesla

US #2057 from the American Inventors series. (In 1891, he became an American citizen.)

Nikola Tesla was born on July 10, 1856, in Smiljan, Austrian Empire (present-day Croatia).

The fourth of five children, Tesla discovered as he attended school that he had an eidetic memory – meaning he was able to retain more information and for longer than his fellow students.  This sometimes got young Tesla in trouble as his teachers thought him to be cheating.

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This Day in History… July 9, 1760

 Happy Birthday to Peter Francisco

US #1562 pictures Francisco carrying the 1,100-pound cannon at the Battle of Camden.

Pedro Francisco, also known as the “Virginia Giant,” the “Giant of the Revolution,” and the “Virginia Hercules,” was born on July 9, 1760, in Porto Judeu, Terceira, Portugal.

Francisco’s early life is filled with mystery and intrigue.  When he was five years old, he was found on the docks at City Point, Virginia, and taken to the Prince George County Poorhouse.  He didn’t speak English, but kept saying the name “Pedro Francisco,” leading the locals to call him Peter.  They soon realized he was speaking Portuguese and noticed that his clothes were of fine quality.  Once they were able to find a translator, they discovered his dramatic story…

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