This Day in History

This Day in History… February 17, 1897

Parent Teacher Association

US #1463 was issued for the 75th anniversary of the National PTA. Click image to order.

On February 17, 1897, the National Congress of Mothers was formed, which would later become the Parent Teacher Association.

The organization was the brainchild of Alice McLellan Birney and Phoebe Apperson Hearst.  Both mothers, Birney and Hearst were deeply concerned about the welfare of children and believed in the importance of education in enriching their lives.

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This Day in History… February 16, 1945

Battle to Recapture Corregidor

US #925 was issued in 1944 to honor those who defended Corregidor until the Japanese captured it in 1942.  Click image to order. 

On February 16, 1945, the first of 7,000 American troops arrived at Corregidor, ready to retake the important Pacific outpost.

To prevent its complete destruction, Manila was declared an open city when World War II broke out.  The Japanese began their invasion of the Philippines on December 8, 1941, ten hours after the Pearl Harbor attack.  They destroyed every US aircraft on the ground, forcing the American naval fleet to withdraw.

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This Day in History… February 15, 1943

“We Can Do It” Poster 

US #3186e from the Celebrate the Century – 1940s sheet.

On February 15, 1943, the famed Rosie the Riveter “We Can Do It” poster was first displayed in Westinghouse factories.

One of the most dramatic social changes during World War II was the new job opportunities for women.  As men left the country to fight the war overseas, millions of women entered the workforce.  Virtually overnight, housewives and mothers were transformed into welders, electricians, mechanics, taxi drivers, attorneys, firefighters, and police officers.

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This Day in History… February 14, 1859

Oregon Joins the Union

US #783 was issued for the 100th anniversary of the Oregon Territory.

On February 14, 1859, Oregon became the 33rd state in the Union.

There was a large population of American Indians living in Oregon when the first Europeans arrived.  These tribes included the Chinook, Clackama, Kalapuya, Multnomah, Tillamook, Bannock, Cayuse, Paiute, Umatilla (a major band of the Nez Perce), Klamath, and Rogue.

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This Day in History… February 13, 1951

Battle of Chipyong-ni Begins

US #2152 was based on 1950 photo of US troops retreating from Chosin Reservoir.  Click image to order. 

On February 13, 1951, the Battle of Chipyong-ni, sometimes called the “high-water mark” of the Chinese fighting in Korea, began.

Chinese forces first entered Korea in November 1950. UN troops were uncertain of their intentions or capabilities and drew back to the 38th parallel. When it became obvious that the Chinese had overstretched their supply lines, General Matthew B. Ridgeway decided to make a stand at Chipyong-ni, a key road intersection.

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This Day in History… February 12, 1909

Lincoln Memorial Issue 

US #367 – The perf 12 stamp issued on this day in 1909.  Click image to order. 

On February 12, 1909, the US Post Office issued a set of stamps commemorating the 100th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln’s birth.

One year after Lincoln’s assassination, the Post Office issued its first stamp honoring the fallen president.  That black 1866 issue is considered to be America’s first mourning stamp.  From then until 1907, there was always at least one definitive stamp picturing Lincoln.

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