This Day in History

This Day in History… November 10, 1775

U.S. #1567 – The National Museum of the Marine Corps opened on this date in 2006 in Triangle, Virginia.

Founding of the U.S. Marine Corps

The forerunner of the United States Marines was established on November 10, 1775, in the midst of the American Revolutionary War.

The earliest American Marines served with the British in the 1730s. Some 3,000 American colonists were recruited to serve with Admiral Edward Vernon’s fleet for service off the coast of South America. When hostilities there ended, the Colonial Marines were disbanded. They were recalled to service several times in the ensuing years and by the start of the Revolutionary War there were still some 4,500 Americans serving in the Colonial Marines.

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This Day in History… November 9, 1906

U.S. #602 – During the visit, Roosevelt was photographed operating a large steam shovel, which helped boost morale.

Roosevelt Takes First Presidential Trip Outside U.S.

On November 9, 1906, Theodore Roosevelt visited the Panama Canal Zone, marking the first time a sitting U.S. President visited another country.

Proposals for a canal across Nicaragua or Panama began as early as 1889. United States public opinion of the canal was generally unfavorable until 1898, when an explosion aboard the Maine sank the battleship at a Cuban naval base. As the Spanish-American War loomed, the battleship Oregon sailed through San Francisco’s Golden Gates to save the day. The eyes of the world were on its 16,000-mile course around Cape Horn and through the dangerous Straits of Magellan. The 67-day journey clearly showed the military significance of an isthmian canal. However, President McKinley was assassinated before he could negotiate rights to a canal.

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This Day in History… November 8, 1978

U.S. #2839 – Rockwell’s famous Triple Self-Portrait, created in 1960.

Death of Acclaimed Illustrator Norman Rockwell

On November 8, 1978, the world lost one of its most prolific artists – Norman Rockwell.

Norman Rockwell was born in New York, New York in 1894. His illustrations were first published in Founders of Our Country in 1912. That same year, he was hired as a staff artist for Boys’ Life magazine, the official publication of the Boy Scouts of America. In this role, he received $50 a month to produce a cover and a set of story illustrations. The following year at just 19 years old, Rockwell was promoted to art editor for the magazine. In addition to creating his own art for the publication, he also supervised the work assigned to other artists.

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This Day in History… November 7, 1944

U.S. #1298 – Roosevelt won by 3.6 million votes.

FDR Elected to Record Fourth Term

On November 7, 1944, Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first and only U.S. President elected to a fourth term.

Franklin Roosevelt first ran for President in 1932. He ran against incumbent President Herbert Hoover, who many blamed for the Great Depression. Roosevelt’s contagious optimism and promise of a “New Deal” helped sweep him into office. And he followed through on his promises, instituting a number of new improvement programs during his first 100 days in office. Roosevelt’s progressive programs helped America out of the Depression and he was easily re-elected in 1936.

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This Day in History… November 6, 1861

U.S. #2975f – Though he led the Confederacy through the war, Davis had initially opposed secession.

Jefferson Davis Elected Confederate President

On November 6, 1861, Jefferson Davis was elected the first and only President of the Confederate States of America.

Jefferson Davis was born in Kentucky and grew up in Mississippi and Louisiana. He married Sarah Knox Taylor, former U.S. President Zachary Taylor’s daughter, though she died of Malaria three months into the marriage. Davis later developed a sprawling plantation in Mississippi, remarried, and raised a volunteer regiment for the Mexican-American War. After suffering an injury in the war, Davis served in the senate.

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This Day in History… November 5, 1911

U.S. #4446 was issued as part of a set of four stamps in 2010 honoring actors who popularized Westerns in the early 1900s.

Birth of Silver Screen Cowboy Roy Rogers

On November 5, 1911, future singer and actor Leonard Franklin Slye, better known as Roy Rogers, was born.

When Slye was a child, his father brought home a cylinder player (the predecessor to the phonograph) and a cylinder by a Swiss yodeler. Slye played the cylinder again and again and developed his own style of yodeling. At the age of 18, he moved to California to become a singer.

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