September 2018

This Day in History… September 6, 1860

Birth of Jane Addams 

US #878 from the Famous Americans series.

Social worker Jane Addams was born on September 6, 1860, in Cedarville, Illinois.

The eighth of nine children, Adams was the daughter of a local political leader, Civil War officer, and friend of Abraham Lincoln.  She graduated from the Rockford Female Seminary as valedictorian in 1881.

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This Day in History… September 5, 1781

Battle of the Virginia Capes

US #1938 was issued for the 200th anniversary of the battle.

On September 5, 1781, French forces won a decisive victory at the Battle of the Virginia Capes.  The eventual siege of Yorktown was a success due to the joint efforts of the French fleet and the French and American troops on land.

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This Day in History… September 4, 1833

National Newspaper Carrier Day 

US #1015 pictures a boy delivering newspapers along with a hand holding a torch, symbolizing free enterprise.

On September 4, 1833, the first recorded newspaper boy was hired, an event celebrated today as National Newspaper Carrier Day.

In 1833, Benjamin Day, publisher of the New York Sun newspaper ran an ad looking for people to sell his papers.  It read, “A number of steady men can find employment by vending this paper.  A liberal discount is allowed to those who buy to sell again.”

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This Day in History… September 3, 1943

Allied Invasion of Italy

US #2765f from the WWII: Turning the Tide sheet.

On September 3, 1943, the Allies launched their invasion of Italy during World War II.

The main wartime disagreement among the Big Three – Stalin, Churchill, and Roosevelt – concerned the Allied invasion of Western Europe. Although it was agreed a second fighting front should be established in Western Europe, Roosevelt and Churchill could not agree on when and where to invade.

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This Day in History… September 2, 1871

Proprietary Stamps 

US #RB1a from the first issue of 1871 Proprietary stamps.

On September 2, 1871, the first Proprietary stamps with their own Scott designation (RB) were issued.

America issued its first Revenue Stamps in 1862 to help fund the Civil War.  The first issue included 25 different types of stamps for various uses.  Among these were stamps for use on proprietary articles. These proprietary items were consumer goods, including medicines, matches, perfumes, playing cards, canned foods, and more.  Between 1862 and 1871, there were eight proprietary stamps created as part of this initial Revenue issue.

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This Day in History… September 1, 1866

Beer Stamps 

US #REA3 from the first issue of Beer stamps in 1866.

On September 1, 1866, the first US Beer stamps were issued.

While duties, tariffs, and state taxes on beer had been instituted decades earlier, the first large-scale federal tax on beer was created on September 1, 1862.  The tax was created to help fund the Union Army for the Civil War.  During those four years, officials would collect the $1 per barrel tax in cash.

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