This Day in History… July 19, 1980

1980 Summer Olympics

US #1791-94 were issued before the US decided to boycott the games.

On July 19, 1980, the Summer Olympic Games opened in Moscow, Soviet Union. They were the first Olympics to be held in Eastern Europe.

Moscow was selected as the host city for these games in 1974, beating out Los Angeles by 19 votes.  The games would only include 80 nations, the smallest number since 1956, as a result of protests led by US President Jimmy Carter.

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This Day in History… July 18, 1918

Happy Birthday Nelson Mandela  

Item #M11331 was issued for Mandela’s passing in 2013.

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in Mvezo, Cape Province, South Africa.

The son of a local chief, Mandela spent much of his childhood herding cattle and was enrolled in a local Methodist school at the age of seven.  He went on to attend a Methodist high school and college, where he enjoyed playing sports, particularly long-distance running and boxing.

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This Day in History… July 17, 1976

Opening of the 1976 Summer Olympics 

US #1695-98 were issued for the 12th Winter Olympic in Austria and the 21st Olympiad in Montreal.

On July 17, 1976, Queen Elizabeth II presided over the opening ceremonies of the Games of the XXI Olympiad in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Montreal was selected as the host city for the 1976 Olympics at a meeting of the International Olympic Committee in 1970.  This marked the first and only Summer Olympics in Canada.

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This Day in History… July 16, 1790

District of Columbia

US #2561 was issued for the 200th anniversary of the capital’s naming in 1791.

On July 16, 1790, the District of Columbia was established with George Washington’s signing of the Residence Act.

Philadelphia was America’s first capital city starting in 1774.  However, in 1783, an angry group of soldiers went to Independence Hall demanding payment for their service during the American Revolution.  When Pennsylvania governor John Dickinson refused to remove them, Congress fled to Princeton, New Jersey.

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This Day in History… July 15, 1606

Happy Birthday Rembrandt

Korea #2269 pictures one of Rembrandt’s many self-portraits.

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn was born on July 15, 1606, in Leiden, the Dutch Republic (present-day Netherlands).

Rembrandt was the ninth child of a wealthy family. He attended Latin school as a child and entered the University of Leiden when he was 14.  As Rembrandt’s painting talent was revealed, he began an apprenticeship with Leiden history painter Jacob van Swanenburgh for three years.

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This Day in History… July 14, 1932

International Peace Garden

US #2014 was issued for the garden’s 50th anniversary in 1982.

On July 14, 1932, the International Peace Garden was dedicated, representing the peaceful relationship between the United States and Canada.

Dr. Henry Moore was a member of Canada’s National Association of Gardeners and attended meetings in both Canada and the US.  He sought a way to honor the long, peaceful relationship between the two nations and came up with the idea for a place “where the people of the two countries could share the glories found in a lovely garden and the pleasures found in warm friendships.”

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