Cartier Explores St. Lawrence River
On June 9, 1534, Jacques Cartier became the first European explorer to travel the St. Lawrence River.
Cartier was born on December 31, 1491, in Saint-Malo, Brittany, France. In 1534, the bishop of Saint-Malo introduced Cartier to King Francis I and recommended him for a commission to search for a northwest passage to Asia. The bishop claimed Cartier had previously journeyed to Newfoundland and Brazil, exhibiting his ability to “lead ships to the discovery of new lands in the New World.”