This Day in History… November 27, 1945

Founding of CARE 

U.S. #1439 was issued for the 25th anniversary of the first CARE packages.

On November 27, 1945, Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe (CARE) was formed.

After World War II ended in August 1945, Congress and the American public called for President Harry Truman to allow private organizations to offer relief services to people in Europe that were starving or suffering after the war. Truman agreed and CARE was officially founded on November 27.

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This Day in History… November 26, 1832

Birth of Mary Walker 

U.S. #2013 was issued in Walker’s hometown of Oswego, New York.

Mary Edwards Walker was born on November 26, 1832, in Oswego, New York, about 40 miles from Mystic’s home in Camden.

The youngest of seven children, Walker was raised in a progressive household where her parents encouraged her to be a free thinker. Walker’s parents wanted Mary and her sisters to get the same education as their son, so they founded the first free schoolhouse in Oswego, which Mary attended.

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This Day in History… November 25, 1758

Capture of Fort Duquesne

U.S. #1123 was issued for the 200th anniversary of this event. It pictures Washington the center on his horse.

On November 25, 1758, British and Colonial American forces successfully took over Fort Duquesne from the French.

The spot where the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers join to form the Ohio River has long been a significant spot for trade and settlement. In the 1750s, the French began building a series of forts leading to this spot, which upset British settlers who believed it was threatening their land claims.

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This Day in History… November 24, 1943

Death of Dorie Miller

U.S. #4443 from the Distinguished Sailors issue.

U.S. sailor Dorie Miller died on November 24, 1943, during the Battle of Makin.

Doris “Dorie” Miller was born on October 12, 1919, in Waco, Texas. The third of four sons, he worked on the family farm, was a good student, and played fullback on his high school’s football team. He eventually dropped out of school and joined the Navy on September 16, 1939.

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This Day in History… November 23, 1887

Happy Birthday Boris Karloff 

U.S. #3170 from the Classic Movie Monsters issue.

Boris Karloff was born William Henry Pratt on November 23, 1887, in Camberwell, London, England.

The youngest of nine children, Karloff initially pursued a career with the British Government’s Consular Service, but left college before graduating. He then went to Canada where he worked on a farm and held a variety of odd jobs before he discovered acting. His first performances were in Canadian theater and it was at this time he adopted his stage name, possibly to prevent embarrassing his family, many of who were diplomats.

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This Day in History… November 22, 1744

Happy Birthday Abigail Adams 

U.S. #2146 – Adams was the fourth First Lady to appear on a U.S. stamp.

America’s second First Lady was born Abigail Smith on November 22, 1744 (November 11 in the Old Style calendar), in Weymouth, Massachusetts.

Much to Abigail’s regret, she never received formal schooling. Fortunately, she was raised in a home filled with the libraries of her father, grandfather, and also intelligent conversation. She learned to read and write, showing special interests in philosophy, theology, Shakespeare, the classics, ancient history, government, and law. Abigail was an avid history reader and recognized its importance and impact on her own life and surroundings.

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